1AKZ

HUMAN URACIL-DNA GLYCOSYLASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Base excision repair initiation revealed by crystal structures and binding kinetics of human uracil-DNA glycosylase with DNA.

Parikh, S.S.Mol, C.D.Slupphaug, G.Bharati, S.Krokan, H.E.Tainer, J.A.

(1998) EMBO J 17: 5214-5226

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/17.17.5214
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1SSP, 2SSP, 1AKZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Three high-resolution crystal structures of DNA complexes with wild-type and mutant human uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), coupled kinetic characterizations and comparisons with the refined unbound UDG structure help resolve fundamental issues in the initiation of DNA base excision repair (BER): damage detection, nucleotide flipping versus extrahelical nucleotide capture, avoidance of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site toxicity and coupling of damage-specific and damage-general BER steps ...

    Three high-resolution crystal structures of DNA complexes with wild-type and mutant human uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), coupled kinetic characterizations and comparisons with the refined unbound UDG structure help resolve fundamental issues in the initiation of DNA base excision repair (BER): damage detection, nucleotide flipping versus extrahelical nucleotide capture, avoidance of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site toxicity and coupling of damage-specific and damage-general BER steps. Structural and kinetic results suggest that UDG binds, kinks and compresses the DNA backbone with a 'Ser-Pro pinch' and scans the minor groove for damage. Concerted shifts in UDG simultaneously form the catalytically competent active site and induce further compression and kinking of the double-stranded DNA backbone only at uracil and AP sites, where these nucleotides can flip at the phosphate-sugar junction into a complementary specificity pocket. Unexpectedly, UDG binds to AP sites more tightly and more rapidly than to uracil-containing DNA, and thus may protect cells sterically from AP site toxicity. Furthermore, AP-endonuclease, which catalyzes the first damage-general step of BER, enhances UDG activity, most likely by inducing UDG release via shared minor groove contacts and flipped AP site binding. Thus, AP site binding may couple damage-specific and damage-general steps of BER without requiring direct protein-protein interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, MB-4, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037-1027, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
URACIL-DNA GLYCOSYLASEA223Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UNGDGUUNG1UNG15
EC: 3.2.2 (PDB Primary Data), 3.2.2.27 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P13051 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P13051 
Go to UniProtKB:  P13051
PHAROS:  P13051
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.76α = 90
b = 55.27β = 90
c = 84.97γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASESphasing
SQUASHphasing
XTALVIEWrefinement
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1997-08-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-04
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance