2SSP

LEUCINE-272-ALANINE URACIL-DNA GLYCOSYLASE BOUND TO ABASIC SITE-CONTAINING DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Base excision repair initiation revealed by crystal structures and binding kinetics of human uracil-DNA glycosylase with DNA.

Parikh, S.S.Mol, C.D.Slupphaug, G.Bharati, S.Krokan, H.E.Tainer, J.A.

(1998) EMBO J. 17: 5214-5226

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/17.17.5214
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Three high-resolution crystal structures of DNA complexes with wild-type and mutant human uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), coupled kinetic characterizations and comparisons with the refined unbound UDG structure help resolve fundamental issues in the in ...

    Three high-resolution crystal structures of DNA complexes with wild-type and mutant human uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), coupled kinetic characterizations and comparisons with the refined unbound UDG structure help resolve fundamental issues in the initiation of DNA base excision repair (BER): damage detection, nucleotide flipping versus extrahelical nucleotide capture, avoidance of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site toxicity and coupling of damage-specific and damage-general BER steps. Structural and kinetic results suggest that UDG binds, kinks and compresses the DNA backbone with a 'Ser-Pro pinch' and scans the minor groove for damage. Concerted shifts in UDG simultaneously form the catalytically competent active site and induce further compression and kinking of the double-stranded DNA backbone only at uracil and AP sites, where these nucleotides can flip at the phosphate-sugar junction into a complementary specificity pocket. Unexpectedly, UDG binds to AP sites more tightly and more rapidly than to uracil-containing DNA, and thus may protect cells sterically from AP site toxicity. Furthermore, AP-endonuclease, which catalyzes the first damage-general step of BER, enhances UDG activity, most likely by inducing UDG release via shared minor groove contacts and flipped AP site binding. Thus, AP site binding may couple damage-specific and damage-general steps of BER without requiring direct protein-protein interactions.


    Related Citations: 
    • A Nucleotide-Flipping Mechanism from the Structure of Human Uracil-DNA Glycosylase Bound to DNA
      Slupphaug, G.,Mol, C.D.,Kavli, B.,Arvai, A.S.,Krokan, H.E.,Tainer, J.A.
      (1996) Nature 384: 87


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, MB-4, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037-1027, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEIN (URACIL-DNA GLYCOSYLASE)
E
223Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UNG (DGU, UNG1, UNG15)
EC: 3.2.2.27
Find proteins for P13051 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: UNG
Go to UniProtKB:  P13051
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*TP*GP*TP*(AAB)P*AP*TP*CP*TP*T)-3')A10N/A
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*AP*AP*AP*GP*AP*TP*AP*AP*CP*AP*G)-3')B11N/A
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
AAB
Query on AAB
A
DNA LINKINGC5 H11 O7 P

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 120.300α = 90.00
b = 48.800β = 90.00
c = 65.600γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-05-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-07-09
    Type: Non-polymer description