Cryo-EM Structure of Nanodisc reconstituted human ABCA7 EQ mutant in ATP bound closed state

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

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Cryo-EM structures of human ABCA7 provide insights into its phospholipid translocation mechanisms.

Le, L.T.M.Thompson, J.R.Dehghani-Ghahnaviyeh, S.Pant, S.Dang, P.X.French, J.B.Kanikeyo, T.Tajkhorshid, E.Alam, A.

(2023) EMBO J 42: e111065-e111065

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2022111065
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    8EDW, 8EE6, 8EEB, 8EOP

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Phospholipid extrusion by ABC subfamily A (ABCA) exporters is central to cellular physiology, although the specifics of the underlying substrate interactions and transport mechanisms remain poorly resolved at the molecular level. Here we report cryo-EM structures of lipid-embedded human ABCA7 in an open state and in a nucleotide-bound, closed state at resolutions between 3.6 and 4.0 Å. The former reveals an ordered patch of bilayer lipids traversing the transmembrane domain (TMD), while the latter reveals a lipid-free, closed TMD with a small extracellular opening. These structures offer a structural framework for both substrate entry and exit from the ABCA7 TMD and highlight conserved rigid-body motions that underlie the associated conformational transitions. Combined with functional analysis and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, our data also shed light on lipid partitioning into the ABCA7 TMD and localized membrane perturbations that underlie ABCA7 function and have broader implications for other ABCA family transporters.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA72,146Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: ABCA7
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q8IZY2 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q8IZY2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8IZY2
GTEx:  ENSG00000064687 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8IZY2
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB [auth C]2N/AN-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC [auth B]3N/AN-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G15407YE
GlyCosmos:  G15407YE
GlyGen:  G15407YE
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on ATP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A],
M [auth A]
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]
E [auth A]
F [auth A]
G [auth A]
H [auth A]
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A]
C8 H15 N O6
MG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
K [auth A],
L [auth A]
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
EM Software:
TaskSoftware PackageVersion

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Aging (NIH/NIA)United States1R21AG069180

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2022-12-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2023-02-15
    Changes: Database references