Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

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Interdomain motion in liver alcohol dehydrogenase. Structural and energetic analysis of the hinge bending mode.

Colonna-Cesari, F.Perahia, D.Karplus, M.Eklund, H.Braden, C.I.Tapia, O.

(1986) J Biol Chem 261: 15273-15280

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5ADH, 8ADH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A study of the hinge bending mode in the enzyme liver alcohol dehydrogenase is made by use of empirical energy functions. The enzyme is a dimer, with each monomer composed of a coenzyme binding domain and a catalytic domain with a large cleft between ...

    A study of the hinge bending mode in the enzyme liver alcohol dehydrogenase is made by use of empirical energy functions. The enzyme is a dimer, with each monomer composed of a coenzyme binding domain and a catalytic domain with a large cleft between the two. Superposition of the apoenzyme and holoenzyme crystal structures is used to determine a rigid rotation axis for closing of the cleft. It is shown that a rigid body transformation of the apoenzyme to the holoenzyme structure corresponds to a 10 degrees rotation of the catalytic domain about this axis. The rotation is not along the least-motion path for closing of the cleft but instead corresponds to the catalytic domain coming closer to the coenzyme binding domain by a sliding motion. Estimation of the energy associated with the interdomain motion of the apoenzyme over a range of 90 degrees (-40 to 50 degrees, where 0 degrees corresponds to the minimized crystal structure) demonstrates that local structural relaxation makes possible large-scale rotations with relatively small energy increments. A variety of structural rearrangements associated with the domain motion are characterized. They involve the hinge region residues that provide the covalent connections between the two domains and certain loop regions that are brought into contact by the rotation. Differences between the energy minimized and the holoenzyme structures point to the existence of alternative conformations for loops and to the importance of the ligands in the structural rearrangements.

    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallographic Investigations of Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Binding to Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H., Samama, J.-P., Jones, T.A.
      (1984) Biochemistry 23: 5982
    • Pyrazole Binding in Crystalline Binary and Ternary Complexes with Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H., Samama, J.-P., Wallen, L.
      (1982) Biochemistry 21: 4858
    • Crystal Structure Determinations of Coenzyme Analogue and Substrate Complexes of Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase. Binding of 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydronicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide and Trans-4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)Cinnamaldehyde to the Enzyme
      Cedergren-Zeppezauer, E., Samama, J.-P., Eklund, H.
      (1982) Biochemistry 21: 4895
    • Binding of Substrate in a Ternary Complex of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H., Plapp, B.V., Samama, J.-P., Branden, C.-I.
      (1982) J Biol Chem 257: 14349
    • Three-Dimensional Structure of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase at 2.4 Angstroms Resolution
      Eklund, H., Nordstrom, B., Zeppezauer, E., Soderlund, G., Ohlsson, I., Boiwe, T., Soderberg, B.-O., Tapia, O., Branden, C.-I., Akeson, A.
      (1976) J Mol Biol 102: 27
    • Subunit Conformation of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Jornvall, H., Eklund, H., Branden, C.-I.
      (1978) J Biol Chem 253: 8414
    • The Crystal Structure of Complexes between Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase and the Coenzyme Analogues 3-Iodopyridine-Adenine Dinucleotide and Pyridine-Adenine Dinucleotide
      Samama, J.-P., Zeppezauer, E., Biellmann, J.-F., Branden, C.-I.
      (1977) Eur J Biochem 81: 403
    • X-Ray Investigation of the Binding of 1,10-Phenanthroline and Imidazole to Horse-Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Boiwe, T., Branden, C.-I.
      (1977) Eur J Biochem 77: 173
    • Alcohol Dehydrogenases
      Branden, C.-I., Jornvall, H., Eklund, H., Furugren, B.
      (1975) The Enzymes,third Edition 11: 103
    • Structural and Functional Similarities within the Coenzyme Binding Domains of Dehydrogenases
      Ohlsson, I., Nordstrom, B., Branden, C.-I.
      (1974) J Mol Biol 89: 339
    • Binding of Salicylate in the Adenosine-Binding Pocket of Dehydrogenases
      Einarsson, R., Eklund, H., Zeppezauer, E., Boiwe, T., Branden, C.-I.
      (1974) Eur J Biochem 49: 41
    • The Conformation of Adenosine Diphosphoribose and 8-Bromoadenosine Diphosphoribose When Bound to Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Abdallah, M.A., Biellmann, J.-F., Nordstrom, B., Branden, C.-I.
      (1975) Eur J Biochem 50: 475

    Organizational Affiliation

    *The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
APO-LIVER ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASEA374Equus caballusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P00327 (Equus caballus)
Explore P00327 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00327
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on ZN

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 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56α = 90
b = 75.2β = 90
c = 181.7γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1989-04-20 
  • Released Date: 1989-10-15 
  • Deposition Author(s): Jones, T.A., Eklund, H.
  • This entry supersedes: 4ADH

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1989-10-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-25
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-05-09
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Derived calculations, Other