Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.4 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Interdomain motion in liver alcohol dehydrogenase. Structural and energetic analysis of the hinge bending mode.

Colonna-Cesari, F.Perahia, D.Karplus, M.Eklund, H.Braden, C.I.Tapia, O.

(1986) J.Biol.Chem. 261: 15273-15280

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 1HET

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A study of the hinge bending mode in the enzyme liver alcohol dehydrogenase is made by use of empirical energy functions. The enzyme is a dimer, with each monomer composed of a coenzyme binding domain and a catalytic domain with a large cleft between ...

    A study of the hinge bending mode in the enzyme liver alcohol dehydrogenase is made by use of empirical energy functions. The enzyme is a dimer, with each monomer composed of a coenzyme binding domain and a catalytic domain with a large cleft between the two. Superposition of the apoenzyme and holoenzyme crystal structures is used to determine a rigid rotation axis for closing of the cleft. It is shown that a rigid body transformation of the apoenzyme to the holoenzyme structure corresponds to a 10 degrees rotation of the catalytic domain about this axis. The rotation is not along the least-motion path for closing of the cleft but instead corresponds to the catalytic domain coming closer to the coenzyme binding domain by a sliding motion. Estimation of the energy associated with the interdomain motion of the apoenzyme over a range of 90 degrees (-40 to 50 degrees, where 0 degrees corresponds to the minimized crystal structure) demonstrates that local structural relaxation makes possible large-scale rotations with relatively small energy increments. A variety of structural rearrangements associated with the domain motion are characterized. They involve the hinge region residues that provide the covalent connections between the two domains and certain loop regions that are brought into contact by the rotation. Differences between the energy minimized and the holoenzyme structures point to the existence of alternative conformations for loops and to the importance of the ligands in the structural rearrangements.

    Related Citations: 
    • Three-Dimensional Structure of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase at 2.4 Angstroms Resolution
      Eklund, H.,Nordstrom, B.,Zeppezauer, E.,Soderlund, G.,Ohlsson, I.,Boiwe, T.,Soderberg, B.-O.,Tapia, O.,Branden, C.-I.,Akeson, A.
      (1976) J.Mol.Biol. 102: 27
    • The Conformation of Adenosine Diphosphoribose and 8-Bromoadenosine Diphosphoribose When Bound to Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Abdallah, M.A.,Biellmann, J.-F.,Nordstrom, B.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1975) Eur.J.Biochem. 50: 475
    • Alcohol Dehydrogenases
      Branden, C.-I.,Jornvall, H.,Eklund, H.,Furugren, B.
      (1975) The Enzymes,Third Edition 11: 103
    • Pyrazole Binding in Crystalline Binary and Ternary Complexes with Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H.,Samama, J.-P.,Wallen, L.
      (1982) Biochemistry 21: 4858
    • Binding of Salicylate in the Adenosine-Binding Pocket of Dehydrogenases
      Einarsson, R.,Eklund, H.,Zeppezauer, E.,Boiwe, T.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1974) Eur.J.Biochem. 49: 41
    • Binding of Substrate in a Ternary Complex of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H.,Plapp, B.V.,Samama, J.-P.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1982) J.Biol.Chem. 257: 14349
    • Crystal Structure Determinations of Coenzyme Analogue and Substrate Complexes of Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase. Binding of 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydronicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide and Trans-4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)Cinnamaldehyde to the Enzyme
      Cedergren-Zeppezauer, E.,Samama, J.-P.,Eklund, H.
      (1982) Biochemistry 21: 4895
    • Subunit Conformation of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Jornvall, H.,Eklund, H.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1978) J.Biol.Chem. 253: 8414
    • The Crystal Structure of Complexes between Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase and the Coenzyme Analogues 3-Iodopyridine-Adenine Dinucleotide and Pyridine-Adenine Dinucleotide
      Samama, J.-P.,Zeppezauer, E.,Biellmann, J.-F.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1977) Eur.J.Biochem. 81: 403
    • Crystallographic Investigations of Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Binding to Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Eklund, H.,Samama, J.-P.,Jones, T.A.
      (1984) Biochemistry 23: 5982
    • X-Ray Investigation of the Binding of 1,10-Phenanthroline and Imidazole to Horse-Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
      Boiwe, T.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1977) Eur.J.Biochem. 77: 173
    • Structural and Functional Similarities within the Coenzyme Binding Domains of Dehydrogenases
      Ohlsson, I.,Nordstrom, B.,Branden, C.-I.
      (1974) J.Mol.Biol. 89: 339


Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
374Equus caballusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P00327 (Equus caballus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00327
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
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 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.000α = 90.00
b = 75.200β = 90.00
c = 181.700γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1989-04-20 
  • Released Date: 1989-10-15 
  • Deposition Author(s): Jones, T.A., Eklund, H.
  • This entry supersedes: 4ADH

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1989-10-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-25
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-05-09
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other