SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein with 2 RBDs Erect

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 5.90 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

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Receptor binding and priming of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 for membrane fusion.

Benton, D.J.Wrobel, A.G.Xu, P.Roustan, C.Martin, S.R.Rosenthal, P.B.Skehel, J.J.Gamblin, S.J.

(2020) Nature 588: 327-330

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2772-0
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7A91, 7A92, 7A93, 7A94, 7A95, 7A96, 7A97, 7A98

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is initiated by virus binding to the ACE2 cell-surface receptors 1-4 , followed by fusion of the virus and cell membranes to release the virus genome into the cell. Both receptor binding and membrane fusion activities are mediated by the virus spike glycoprotein 5-7 . As with other class-I membrane-fusion proteins, the spike protein is post-translationally cleaved, in this case by furin, into the S1 and S2 components that remain associated after cleavage 8-10 . Fusion activation after receptor binding is proposed to involve the exposure of a second proteolytic site (S2'), cleavage of which is required for the release of the fusion peptide 11,12 . Here we analyse the binding of ACE2 to the furin-cleaved form of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein using cryo-electron microscopy. We classify ten different molecular species, including the unbound, closed spike trimer, the fully open ACE2-bound trimer and dissociated monomeric S1 bound to ACE2. The ten structures describe ACE2-binding events that destabilize the spike trimer, progressively opening up, and out, the individual S1 components. The opening process reduces S1 contacts and unshields the trimeric S2 core, priming the protein for fusion activation and dissociation of ACE2-bound S1 monomers. The structures also reveal refolding of an S1 subdomain after ACE2 binding that disrupts interactions with S2, which involves Asp614 13-15 and leads to the destabilization of the structure of S2 proximal to the secondary (S2') cleavage site.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, Francis Crick Institute, London, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Spike glycoprotein
A, B, C
1,287Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: S2
Find proteins for P0DTC2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTC2 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTC2
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTC2
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 5.90 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
EM Software:
TaskSoftware PackageVersion

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
The Francis Crick InstituteUnited KingdomFC001078
The Francis Crick InstituteUnited KingdomFC001143

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-09-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-09-23
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-09-30
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2020-12-16
    Changes: Database references