An Isoprene Lipid-Binding Protein Promotes Eukaryotic Coenzyme Q Biosynthesis.Lohman, D.C., Aydin, D., Von Bank, H.C., Smith, R.W., Linke, V., Weisenhorn, E., McDevitt, M.T., Hutchins, P., Wilkerson, E.M., Wancewicz, B., Russell, J., Stefely, M.S., Beebe, E.T., Jochem, A., Coon, J.J., Bingman, C.A., Dal Peraro, M., Pagliarini, D.J.
(2019) Mol Cell 73: 763-774.e10
- PubMed: 30661980
- DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2018.11.033
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
The biosynthesis of coenzyme Q presents a paradigm for how cells surmount hydrophobic barriers in lipid biology. In eukaryotes, CoQ precursors-among nature's most hydrophobic molecules-must somehow be presented to a series of enzymes peripherally ass ...
The biosynthesis of coenzyme Q presents a paradigm for how cells surmount hydrophobic barriers in lipid biology. In eukaryotes, CoQ precursors-among nature's most hydrophobic molecules-must somehow be presented to a series of enzymes peripherally associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Here, we reveal that this process relies on custom lipid-binding properties of COQ9. We show that COQ9 repurposes the bacterial TetR fold to bind aromatic isoprenes with high specificity, including CoQ intermediates that likely reside entirely within the bilayer. We reveal a process by which COQ9 associates with cardiolipin-rich membranes and warps the membrane surface to access this cargo. Finally, we identify a molecular interface between COQ9 and the hydroxylase COQ7, motivating a model whereby COQ9 presents intermediates directly to CoQ enzymes. Overall, our results provide a mechanism for how a lipid-binding protein might access, select, and deliver specific cargo from a membrane to promote biosynthesis.
Morgridge Institute for Research, Madison, WI 53715, USA; Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53715, USA. Electronic address: email@example.com.