Chemical Component Summary

NameGeraniol
Identifiers(2~{E})-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-ol
FormulaC10 H18 O
Molecular Weight154.25
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCC(=CCC/C(=C/CO)/C)C
InChIInChI=1S/C10H18O/c1-9(2)5-4-6-10(3)7-8-11/h5,7,11H,4,6,8H2,1-3H3/b10-7+
InChIKeyGLZPCOQZEFWAFX-JXMROGBWSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count29
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count28
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB14183 
NameGeraniol
Groups
  • approved
  • experimental
DescriptionGeraniol is a monoterpene that is found within many essential oils of fruits, vegetables, and herbs including rose oil, citronella, lemongrass, lavender, and other aromatic plants. It is emitted from the flowers of many species of plant and is commonly used by the food, fragrance, and cosmetic industry[L3333]. Geraniol has demonstrated a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and neuroprotective to name a few [A34260,A34261,A34262]. Interestingly, geraniol has also been shown to sensitize tumour cells to commonly used chemotherapies including [DB00544] and [DB01248] and represents a promising cancer chemopreventive agent [A34263]. Due to its anticancer effects, geraniol has been found to be effective against a broad range of cancers including breast, lung, colon, prostate, pancreatic, skin, liver, kidney and oral cancers [A34262]. These pharmacologic effects are clinically important as geraniol is classified as generally-recognized-as-safe (GRAS) by the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States. Sensitivity to geraniol may be identified with a clinical patch test.
Synonyms
  • 2-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol
  • Geraniol
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-1-ol
  • 2,6-Octadien-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-, trans-
  • t-geraniol
Brand NamesT.R.U.E. Test Thin-Layer Rapid Use Patch Test
IndicationGeraniol is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years of age and older.
Categories
  • Cell-mediated Immunity
  • Increased Histamine Release
  • Standardized Chemical Allergen
CAS number106-24-1

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDNEHGOZ
PubChem637566
ChEBICHEBI:24221
ChEBICHEBI:17447
ChEMBLCHEMBL25719