6Y9S

Crystal structure of GSK-3b in complex with the imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carboxamide inhibitor 16


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


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Literature

Discovery of Novel Imidazopyridine GSK-3 beta Inhibitors Supported by Computational Approaches.

Buonfiglio, R.Prati, F.Bischetti, M.Cavarischia, C.Furlotti, G.Ombrato, R.

(2020) Molecules 25

  • DOI: 10.3390/molecules25092163
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6Y9R, 6Y9S

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The interest of research groups and pharmaceutical companies to discover novel GSK-3β inhibitors has increased over the years considering the involvement of this enzyme in many pathophysiological processes and diseases. Along this line, we recently reported on 1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (INDZ) derivatives 1 - 6 , showing good GSK-3β inhibition activity ...

    The interest of research groups and pharmaceutical companies to discover novel GSK-3β inhibitors has increased over the years considering the involvement of this enzyme in many pathophysiological processes and diseases. Along this line, we recently reported on 1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (INDZ) derivatives 1 - 6 , showing good GSK-3β inhibition activity. However, they suffered from generally poor central nervous system (CNS) permeability. Here, we describe the design, synthesis, and in vitro characterization of novel imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-1-carboxamide (IMID 1) and imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carboxamide (IMID 2) compounds ( 7 - 18 ) to overcome such liability. In detail, structure-based approaches and fine-tuning of physicochemical properties guided the design of derivatives 7 - 18 resulting in ameliorated absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) properties. A crystal structure of 16 in complex with GSK-3β enzyme (PDB entry 6Y9S) confirmed the in silico models. Despite the nanomolar inhibition activity, the new core compounds showed a reduction in potency with respect to INDZ derivatives 1 - 6 . In this context, Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Quantum Mechanics (QM) based approaches along with NMR investigation helped to rationalize the observed structure activity relationship (SAR). With these findings, the key role of the acidic hydrogen of the central core for a tight interaction within the ATP pocket of the enzyme reflecting in good GSK-3β affinity was demonstrated.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Angelini Pharma S.p.A., Viale Amelia, 70, 00181 Rome, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 betaA, B350Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSK3B
EC: 2.7.11.26 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.11.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P49841 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P49841 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49841
PHAROS:  P49841
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP49841
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
OHK (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on OHK

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
F [auth B]
~{N}-(oxan-4-ylmethyl)-6-(5-propan-2-yloxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carboxamide
C22 H26 N4 O3
HHJCFPYPXNXIIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
G [auth B]
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PTR
Query on PTR
A, B L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H12 N O6 PTYR
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
OHK Binding MOAD:  6Y9S IC50: 72 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.109α = 90
b = 96.185β = 103.59
c = 67.56γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-05-20
    Type: Initial release