Structure and mechanism of the mitochondrial Ca2+uniporter holocomplex.Fan, M., Zhang, J., Tsai, C.W., Orlando, B.J., Rodriguez, M., Xu, Y., Liao, M., Tsai, M.F., Feng, L.
(2020) Nature 582: 129-133
- PubMed: 32494073
- DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2309-6
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Mitochondria take up Ca 2+ through the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex to regulate energy production, cytosolic Ca 2+ signalling and cell death 1,2 . In mammals, the uniporter complex (uniplex) contains four ...
Mitochondria take up Ca 2+ through the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex to regulate energy production, cytosolic Ca 2+ signalling and cell death 1,2 . In mammals, the uniporter complex (uniplex) contains four core components: the pore-forming MCU protein, the gatekeepers MICU1 and MICU2, and an auxiliary subunit, EMRE, essential for Ca 2+ transport 3-8 . To prevent detrimental Ca 2+ overload, the activity of MCU must be tightly regulated by MICUs, which sense changes in cytosolic Ca 2+ concentrations to switch MCU on and off 9,10 . Here we report cryo-electron microscopic structures of the human mitochondrial calcium uniporter holocomplex in inhibited and Ca 2+ -activated states. These structures define the architecture of this multicomponent Ca 2+ -uptake machinery and reveal the gating mechanism by which MICUs control uniporter activity. Our work provides a framework for understanding regulated Ca 2+ uptake in mitochondria, and could suggest ways of modulating uniporter activity to treat diseases related to mitochondrial Ca 2+ overload.
Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. email@example.com.