Structure of human Mcl-1 in complex with thienopyrimidine inhibitor

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 

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Establishing Drug Discovery and Identification of Hit Series for the Anti-apoptotic Proteins, Bcl-2 and Mcl-1.

Murray, J.B.Davidson, J.Chen, I.Davis, B.Dokurno, P.Graham, C.J.Harris, R.Jordan, A.Matassova, N.Pedder, C.Ray, S.Roughley, S.D.Smith, J.Walmsley, C.Wang, Y.Whitehead, N.Williamson, D.S.Casara, P.Le Diguarher, T.Hickman, J.Stark, J.Kotschy, A.Geneste, O.Hubbard, R.E.

(2019) ACS Omega 4: 8892-8906

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00611
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6QFI, 6QFM, 6QFQ, 6QG8, 6QGD, 6QGG, 6QGH, 6QGJ, 6QGK

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    We describe our work to establish structure- and fragment-based drug discovery to identify small molecules that inhibit the anti-apoptotic activity of the proteins Mcl-1 and Bcl-2. This identified hit series of compounds, some of which were subsequently optimized to clinical candidates in trials for treating various cancers. Many protein constructs were designed to identify protein with suitable properties for different biophysical assays and structural methods. Fragment screening using ligand-observed NMR experiments identified several series of compounds for each protein. The series were assessed for their potential for subsequent optimization using 1 H and 15 N heteronuclear single-quantum correlation NMR, surface plasmon resonance, and isothermal titration calorimetry measurements to characterize and validate binding. Crystal structures could not be determined for the early hits, so NMR methods were developed to provide models of compound binding to guide compound optimization. For Mcl-1, a benzodioxane/benzoxazine series was optimized to a K d of 40 μM before a thienopyrimidine hit series was identified which subsequently led to the lead series from which the clinical candidate S 64315 (MIK 665) was identified. For Bcl-2, the fragment-derived series were difficult to progress, and a compound derived from a published tetrahydroquinone compound was taken forward as the hit from which the clinical candidate (S 55746) was obtained. For both the proteins, the work to establish a portfolio of assays gave confidence for identification of compounds suitable for optimization.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Vernalis (R&D) Ltd., Granta Park, Abington, Cambridge CB21 6GB, U.K.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Maltose-binding periplasmic protein,Induced myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein Mcl-1518Escherichia coli O157:H7Homo sapiens
This entity is chimeric
Mutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: malEZ5632ECs5017MCL1BCL2L3
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P0AEX9 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0AEX9 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0AEX9
Find proteins for Q07820 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q07820 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q07820
PHAROS:  Q07820
GTEx:  ENSG00000143384 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupsP0AEX9Q07820
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G07411ON
GlyCosmos:  G07411ON
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
J1N (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on J1N

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]2-[(6-ethyl-5-phenyl-thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]-3-oxidanyl-propanoic acid
C17 H17 N3 O3 S
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.48α = 90
b = 135.75β = 90
c = 38.01γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-06-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-09-11
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-09-18
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2024-01-24
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Refinement description, Structure summary