6QAS

Crystal structure of ULK1 in complexed with PF-03814735


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conservation of structure, function and inhibitor binding in UNC-51-like kinase 1 and 2 (ULK1/2).

Chaikuad, A.Koschade, S.E.Stolz, A.Zivkovic, K.Pohl, C.Shaid, S.Ren, H.Lambert, L.J.Cosford, N.D.P.Brandts, C.H.Knapp, S.

(2019) Biochem J 476: 875-887

  • DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20190038
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6QAV, 6QAS, 6QAU, 6QAT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Autophagy is essential for cellular homeostasis and when deregulated this survival mechanism has been associated with disease development. Inhibition of autophagy initiation by inhibiting the kinase ULK1 (Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1) ha ...

    Autophagy is essential for cellular homeostasis and when deregulated this survival mechanism has been associated with disease development. Inhibition of autophagy initiation by inhibiting the kinase ULK1 (Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1) has been proposed as a potential cancer therapy. While inhibitors and crystal structures of ULK1 have been reported, little is known about the other closely related kinase ULK2 (Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 2). Here, we present the crystal structure of ULK2 in complex with ATP competitive inhibitors. Surprisingly, the ULK2 structure revealed a dimeric assembly reminiscent of dimeric arrangements of auto-activating kinases suggesting a role for this association in ULK activation. Screening of a kinase focused library of pre-clinical and clinical compounds revealed several potent ULK1/2 inhibitors and good correlation of inhibitor-binding behavior with both ULK kinases. Aurora A was identified as a major off-target of currently used ULK1 inhibitors. Autophagic flux assays demonstrated that this off-target activity by strongly inducing autophagy in different cellular systems conferred an additional layer of complexity in the interpretation of cellular data. The data presented here provide structural models and chemical starting points for the development of ULK1/2 dual inhibitors with improved selectivity for future exploitation of autophagy inhibition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, BMLS, Goethe-University Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein kinase ULK1AB287Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ULK1KIAA0722
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for O75385 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O75385 
Go to UniProtKB:  O75385
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  O75385
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
34W
Query on 34W

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
N-{2-[(1S,4R)-6-{[4-(cyclobutylamino)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl]amino}-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-epiminonaphthalen-9-yl]-2-oxoethyl}acetamide
C23 H25 F3 N6 O2
RYYNGWLOYLRZLK-RBUKOAKNSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CIT
Query on CIT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
CITRIC ACID
C6 H8 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
TPO
Query on TPO
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.241α = 90
b = 74.241β = 90
c = 222.31γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references