Structural basis for the ORC1-Cyclin A association.Wang, B., Song, J.
(2019) Protein Sci. 28: 1727-1733
- PubMed: 31309634
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.3689
- PubMed Abstract:
Progression of cell cycle is regulated by sequential expression of cyclins, which associate with distinct cyclin kinases to drive the transition between different cell cycle phases. The complex of Cyclin A with cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) contro ...
Progression of cell cycle is regulated by sequential expression of cyclins, which associate with distinct cyclin kinases to drive the transition between different cell cycle phases. The complex of Cyclin A with cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) controls the DNA replication activity through phosphorylation of a set of chromatin factors, which critically influences the S phase transition. It has been shown that the direct interaction between the cyclin A-CDK2 complex and origin recognition complex subunit 1 (ORC1) mediates the localization of ORC1 to centrosomes, where ORC1 inhibits cyclin E-mediated centrosome reduplication. However, the molecular basis underlying the specific recognition between ORC1 and cyclins remains elusive. Here we report the crystal structure of cyclin A-CDK2 complex bound to a peptide derived from ORC1 at 2.54 å resolution. The structure revealed that the ORC1 peptide interacts with a hydrophobic groove, termed cyclin binding groove (CBG), of Cyclin A via a KXL motif. Distinct from other identified CBG-binding sequences, an arginine residue flanking the KXL motif of ORC1 inserts into neighboring acidic pocket, contributing to the strong ORC1-Cyclin A association. Furthermore, structural and sequence analysis of cyclins reveals divergence on the ORC1-binding sites, which may underpin their differential ORC1-binding activities. This study provides a structural basis of the specific ORC1-cyclins recognition, with implication in development of novel inhibitors against the cyclin/CDK complexes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Riverside, USA.