Structural and functional characterisation of a novel peptide from the Australian sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa.Elnahriry, K.A., Wai, D.C.C., Krishnarjuna, B., Badawy, N.N., Chittoor, B., MacRaild, C.A., Williams-Noonan, B.J., Surm, J.M., Chalmers, D.K., Zhang, A.H., Peigneur, S., Mobli, M., Tytgat, J., Prentis, P., Norton, R.S.
(2019) Toxicon 168: 104-112
- PubMed: 31302115
- DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2019.07.002
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Sea anemone venoms have long been recognised as a rich source of peptides with interesting pharmacological and structural properties. Our recent transcriptomic studies of the Australian sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa have identified a novel 13-residue peptide, U-AITx-Ate1 ...
Sea anemone venoms have long been recognised as a rich source of peptides with interesting pharmacological and structural properties. Our recent transcriptomic studies of the Australian sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa have identified a novel 13-residue peptide, U-AITx-Ate1. U-AITx-Ate1 contains a single disulfide bridge and bears no significant homology to previously reported amino acid sequences of peptides from sea anemones or other species. We have produced U-AITx-Ate1 using solid-phase peptide synthesis, followed by oxidative folding and purification of the folded peptide using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The solution structure of U-AITx-Ate1 was determined based on two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic data. Diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy revealed that U-AITx-Ate1 was monomeric in solution. Perturbations in the 1D 1 H NMR spectrum of U-AITx-Ate1 in the presence of dodecylphosphocholine micelles together with molecular dynamics simulations indicated an interaction of U-AITx-Ate1 with lipid membranes, although no binding was detected to 100% POPC and 80% POPC: 20% POPG lipid nanodiscs by isothermal titration calorimetry. Functional assays were performed to explore the biological activity profile of U-AITx-Ate1. U-AITx-Ate1 showed no activity in voltage-clamp electrophysiology assays and no change in behaviour and mortality rates in crustacea. Moderate cytotoxic activity was observed against two breast cancer cell lines.
Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia; ARC Centre for Fragment-Based Design, Monash University, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia. Electronic address: email@example.com.