6O69

Crystal Structure of Double Mutant L380R/F535K of Human Acetylcholinesterase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structural and biochemical impacts of monomerizing human acetylcholinesterase.

Bester, S.M.Adipietro, K.A.Funk, V.L.Myslinski, J.M.Keul, N.D.Cheung, J.Wilder, P.T.Wood, Z.A.Weber, D.J.Height, J.J.Pegan, S.D.

(2019) Protein Sci 28: 1106-1114

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.3625
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6O69

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Serving a critical role in neurotransmission, human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) is the target of organophosphate nerve agents. Hence, there is an active interest in studying the mechanism of inhibition and recovery of enzymatic activity, which could lead to better countermeasures against nerve agents ...

    Serving a critical role in neurotransmission, human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) is the target of organophosphate nerve agents. Hence, there is an active interest in studying the mechanism of inhibition and recovery of enzymatic activity, which could lead to better countermeasures against nerve agents. As hAChE is found in different oligomeric assemblies, certain approaches to studying it have been problematic. Herein, we examine the biochemical and structural impact of monomerizing hAChE by using two mutations: L380R/F535K. The activities of monomeric hAChE L380R/F535K and dimeric hAChE were determined to be comparable utilizing a modified Ellman's assay. To investigate the influence of subunit-subunit interactions on the structure of hAChE, a 2.1 Å X-ray crystallographic structure was determined. Apart from minor shifts along the dimer interface, the overall structure of the hAChE L380R/F535K mutant is similar to that of dimeric hAChE. To probe whether the plasticity of the active site was overtly impacted by monomerizing hAChE, the kinetic constants of (P R/S ) - VX (ethyl({2-[bis(propan-2-yl)amino]ethyl}sulfanyl)(methyl)phosphinate) inhibition and subsequent rescue of hAChE L380R/F535K activity with HI-6 (1-(2'-hydroxyiminomethyl-1'-pyridinium)-3-(4'-carbamoyl-1-pyridinium)) were determined and found to be comparable to those of dimeric hAChE. Thus, hAChE L380R/F535K could be used as a substitute for dimeric hAChE when experimentally probing the ability of the hAChE active site to accommodate future nerve agent threats or judge the ability of new therapeutics to access the active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    United States Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Maryland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AcetylcholinesteraseA542Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: ACHE
EC: 3.1.1.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P22303 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P22303 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22303
PHAROS:  P22303
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G21290RB
GlyCosmos:  G21290RB
GlyGen:  G21290RB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 115.783α = 90
b = 115.783β = 90
c = 191.859γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-05-22
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary