6N1Y

Structure of L509V CAO1 - growth condition 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Evidence for distinct rate-limiting steps in the cleavage of alkenes by carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases.

Khadka, N.Farquhar, E.R.Hill, H.E.Shi, W.von Lintig, J.Kiser, P.D.

(2019) J Biol Chem 294: 10596-10606

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.007535
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6N1Y, 6N20, 6N21

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs) use a nonheme Fe(II) cofactor to split alkene bonds of carotenoid and stilbenoid substrates. The iron centers of CCDs are typically five-coordinate in their resting states, with solvent occupying an exchangeable site ...

    Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs) use a nonheme Fe(II) cofactor to split alkene bonds of carotenoid and stilbenoid substrates. The iron centers of CCDs are typically five-coordinate in their resting states, with solvent occupying an exchangeable site. The involvement of this iron-bound solvent in CCD catalysis has not been experimentally addressed, but computational studies suggest two possible roles. 1) Solvent dissociation provides a coordination site for O 2 , or 2) solvent remains bound to iron but changes its equilibrium position to allow O 2 binding and potentially acts as a proton source. To test these predictions, we investigated isotope effects (H 2 O versus D 2 O) on two stilbenoid-cleaving CCDs, Novosphingobium aromaticivorans oxygenase 2 (NOV2) and Neurospora crassa carotenoid oxygenase 1 (CAO1), using piceatannol as a substrate. NOV2 exhibited an inverse isotope effect ( k H / k D ∼ 0.6) in an air-saturated buffer, suggesting that solvent dissociates from iron during the catalytic cycle. By contrast, CAO1 displayed a normal isotope effect ( k H / k D ∼ 1.7), suggesting proton transfer in the rate-limiting step. X-ray absorption spectroscopy on NOV2 and CAO1 indicated that the protonation states of the iron ligands are unchanged within pH 6.5-8.5 and that the Fe(II)-aquo bond is minimally altered by substrate binding. We pinpointed the origin of the differential kinetic behaviors of NOV2 and CAO1 to a single amino acid difference near the solvent-binding site of iron, and X-ray crystallography revealed that the substitution alters binding of diffusible ligands to the iron center. We conclude that solvent-iron dissociation and proton transfer are both associated with the CCD catalytic mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Carotenoid oxygenaseA, B, C, D526Neurospora crassaMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: GE21DRAFT_6499
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A0B0DIC8 (Neurospora crassa)
Explore A0A0B0DIC8 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0B0DIC8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA0A0B0DIC8
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.21α = 90
b = 101.21β = 90
c = 450.18γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-06-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-06-12
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-07-17
    Changes: Data collection, Database references