6KQH

Thermus thermophilus initial transcription complex comprising sigma A and 5'-OH RNA of 7 nt


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

RNA extension drives a stepwise displacement of an initiation-factor structural module in initial transcription.

Li, L.Molodtsov, V.Lin, W.Ebright, R.H.Zhang, Y.

(2020) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 117: 5801-5809

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1920747117
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • All organisms-bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes-have a transcription initiation factor that contains a structural module that binds within the RNA polymerase (RNAP) active-center cleft and interacts with template-strand single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in ...

    All organisms-bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes-have a transcription initiation factor that contains a structural module that binds within the RNA polymerase (RNAP) active-center cleft and interacts with template-strand single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in the immediate vicinity of the RNAP active center. This transcription initiation-factor structural module preorganizes template-strand ssDNA to engage the RNAP active center, thereby facilitating binding of initiating nucleotides and enabling transcription initiation from initiating mononucleotides. However, this transcription initiation-factor structural module occupies the path of nascent RNA and thus presumably must be displaced before or during initial transcription. Here, we report four sets of crystal structures of bacterial initially transcribing complexes that demonstrate and define details of stepwise, RNA-extension-driven displacement of the "σ-finger" of the bacterial transcription initiation factor σ. The structures reveal that-for both the primary σ-factor and extracytoplasmic (ECF) σ-factors, and for both 5'-triphosphate RNA and 5'-hydroxy RNA-the "σ-finger" is displaced in stepwise fashion, progressively folding back upon itself, driven by collision with the RNA 5'-end, upon extension of nascent RNA from ∼5 nt to ∼10 nt.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854; ebright@waksman.rutgers.edu yzhang@sippe.ac.cn.,Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854.,Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854.,Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200032 Shanghai, China; ebright@waksman.rutgers.edu yzhang@sippe.ac.cn.,Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200032 Shanghai, China.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit alpha
A, B
315Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoA
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q5SHR6 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHR6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta
C
1119Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoB
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE9
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta'
D
1524Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoC
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE8
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit omega
E
99Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZ
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE7
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA polymerase sigma factor SigA
F
443Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sigA
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SKW1
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*CP*T*GP*CP*AP*TP*CP*CP*GP*TP*GP*AP*GP*TP*CP*GP*AP*GP*GP*G)-3')G21synthetic construct
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*TP*AP*TP*AP*AP*TP*GP*GP*GP*AP*GP*CP*TP*GP*TP*CP*AP*CP*GP*GP*AP*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*G*)-3')H27synthetic construct
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(*CP*CP*CP*UP*CP*GP*A)-3')I7synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D, F
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 183.007α = 90.00
b = 103.566β = 99.20
c = 294.935γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2020-03-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-03-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-04-01
    Type: Database references