6HFE

Human dihydroorotase mutant F1563T apo structure


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.47997 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.158 
  • R-Value Work: 0.126 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Characterization of the catalytic flexible loop in the dihydroorotase domain of the human multi-enzymatic protein CAD.

Del Cano-Ochoa, F.Grande-Garcia, A.Reverte-Lopez, M.D'Abramo, M.Ramon-Maiques, S.

(2018) J. Biol. Chem. 293: 18903-18913

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.005494
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The dihydroorotase (DHOase) domain of the multifunctional protein carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamoylase, and dihydroorotase (CAD) catalyzes the third step in the <i>de novo </i> biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides in anima ...

    The dihydroorotase (DHOase) domain of the multifunctional protein carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamoylase, and dihydroorotase (CAD) catalyzes the third step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides in animals. The crystal structure of the DHOase domain of human CAD (huDHOase) revealed that, despite evolutionary divergence, its active site components are highly conserved with those in bacterial DHOases, encoded as monofunctional enzymes. An important element for catalysis, conserved from Escherichia coli to humans, is a flexible loop that closes as a lid over the active site. Here, we combined mutagenic, structural, biochemical, and molecular dynamics analyses to characterize the function of the flexible loop in the activity of CAD's DHOase domain. A huDHOase chimera bearing the E. coli DHOase flexible loop was inactive, suggesting the presence of distinctive elements in the flexible loop of huDHOase that cannot be replaced by the bacterial sequence. We pinpointed Phe-1563, a residue absolutely conserved at the tip of the flexible loop in CAD's DHOase domain, as a critical element for the conformational equilibrium between the two catalytic states of the protein. Substitutions of Phe-1563 with Ala, Leu, or Thr prevented the closure of the flexible loop and inactivated the protein, whereas substitution with Tyr enhanced the interactions of the loop in the closed position and reduced fluctuations and the reaction rate. Our results confirm the importance of the flexible loop in CAD's DHOase domain and explain the key role of Phe-1563 in configuring the active site and in promoting substrate strain and catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology I, Plant Molecular Biology, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,National Infection Service, Public Health England, London NW9 5HT, UK.,Department of Systems Biology for Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,From the M. M. Shemyakin and Yu. A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia, avas@ibch.ru.,Institut Pasteur, Unité de Microbiologie Structurale, CNRS UMR 3528 & Université Paris Diderot, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France. pedro.alzari@pasteur.fr marco.bellinzoni@pasteur.fr.,Department of Biochemical Sciences "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.,German Cancer Consortium, DKTK , 60590 Site Frankfurt/Mainz , DE , Germany.,Cell, Molecular and Developmental Biology and Biophysics Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.,Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui", Monteagudo 251 Pergamino, Buenos Aires, 2700, Argentina.,Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology, University of Leuven (KU Leuven), 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Department of Biology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, 63130, USA.,Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; Unit on Structural and Chemical Biology of Membrane Proteins, Cell Biology and Neurobiology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 35A Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103.,Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada. Electronic address: aaron.schimmer@uhn.ca.,Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Nuffield Department of Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. juthathip.mongkolsapaya@well.ox.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,c Cell Biology Center, Institute of Innovative Research , Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama , Kanagawa , Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), US National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK; UMR5305, CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69367 Lyon Cedex 7, France. Electronic address: david.hulmes@ibcp.fr.,Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, Institute of Medical Microbiology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China; Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. Electronic address: yzhang@jhsph.edu.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,6Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Inhoffenstraße 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.,Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,Johns Hopkins Drug Discovery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Unit of Immunology and General Pathology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.,Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea; Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA.,Experimental Medical Science, Medical Structural Biology, BMC C13, Lund University, SE-221 84 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. Electronic address: smeroueh@iu.edu.,Unit of Polar Genomics , Korea Polar Research Institute , Incheon 21990 , Republic of Korea.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. patrick.sexton@monash.edu.,Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Sciences III, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland.,Biophysical Chemistry, Center for Molecular Protein Science, Department of Chemistry , Lund University , 221 00 Lund , Sweden.,MacCHESS, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H6, Canada.,Medical Biotechnology Research Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.,CNR-Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, Rome, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA; Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: margaret.phillips@utsouthwestern.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405; cedann@indiana.edu dbkearns@indiana.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. abraham@crystal.harvard.edu.,Drug Discovery Biology and Department of Pharmacology, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,The Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Institute of Molecular Pathobiochemistry, Experimental Gene Therapy and Clinical Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52074 Aachen, Germany.,Center for Matrix Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Denver (UCD), Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. rui.zhao@ucdenver.edu hong.zhou@ucla.edu.,Neutron Data Analysis and Visualization Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee , United States.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), US National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA. wei.yang@nih.gov.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences , University of Connecticut , 69 North Eagleville Road , Storrs , Connecticut 06269 , United States.,Centro de Investigaciones en Química Biológica de Córdoba (CIQUIBIC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (UNC-CONICET)), Departamento de Química Biológica Ranwel Caputto, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA, Córdoba, Argentina.,the Departments of Microbiology and Immunology, and Integrative Program for Biological and Genome Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 and.,Department of Biology I, Microbiology, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. jonathan@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California.,Alberta Glycomics Centre and Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, GZMB, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. sjohann1@gwdg.de.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Genomic Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, GZMB, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. pneuman2@gwdg.de.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States.,Institute of Molecular Physiology, Cell and Matrix Biology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 7, D-55128 Mainz, Germany.,Department of Life Science, Dongguk University-Seoul, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10326, Republic of Korea.,Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Biointerface Laboratory, Helmholtz Institute for Biomedical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University Medical Faculty, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52074 Aachen, Germany.,Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.,Nanyang Institute of Structural Biology, Experimental Medicine Building, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 636921, Singapore. julien@ntu.edu.sg.,b Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology , RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Yokohama , Kanagawa , Japan.,Department of Cell Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. david.calderwood@yale.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. Electronic address: dveesler@uw.edu.,Laboratory of biomolecular NMR spectroscopy, Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.,School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 637551, Singapore.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, USA.,The Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. Electronic address: baumeist@biochem.mpg.de.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; denis.rousseau@einstein.yu.edu.,a Division of Genomic Technologies , RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Yokohama , Kanagawa , Japan.,a Laboratoire d'Expression génétique microbienne, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, IBPC, CNRS , Université Paris Diderot , Paris , France.,Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.,Oncoceutics, Inc., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,From the Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia and c.schroeder@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. abraham@crystal.harvard.edu.,Biochemistry and Biophysics, and.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Structural and Computational Biology Unit, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: cmueller@embl.de.,Electron Imaging Center for Nanomachines, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,b Laboratoire de Chimie et de Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, CNRS , Université Paris Descartes , Paris , France.,Institut Pasteur, Plateforme de Biophysique Moléculaire, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX, 77555, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium , Johann Wolfgang Goethe University , Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Max-von-Laue-Str. 15 , D-60438 Frankfurt am Main , DE , Germany.,UMR5086, CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69367 Lyon Cedex 7, France.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. eric_fischer@dfci.harvard.edu.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.,Biotechnology Research Division , Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) , Jeongeup 56212 , Republic of Korea.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Neurosurgery, Mitchell Cancer Institute , University of South Alabama , Mobile , Alabama 36617 United States.,c Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique , IBPC, CNRS , Paris , France.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438 Shanghai, China.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Biomedical Technology Research Center, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.,Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT karin.reinisch@yale.edu.,Systems Biology of Cell Death Mechanisms, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg University Hospital; Bioquant, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Plant Pathology, Nanjing Agriculture University, 210095 Nanjing, China.,Institute for Applied Cancer Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Co-Clinical Trials, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: jrmarszalek@mdanderson.org.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Perlmutter Cancer Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016.,Department of Neurosurgery , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin 53226 , United States.,Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.,Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 33 Leninsky Avenue, Building 2, Moscow 119071, Russian Federation.,Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan hirokawa@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of BioHealth Informatics, Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California.,Institute for Applied Cancer Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Co-Clinical Trials, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Genomic Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas Dallas, Richardson, United States.,Structural and Molecular Microbiology, VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division , Argonne National Laboratory , Lemont , Illinois 60439 , United States.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.,Department of Drug Design and Optimization , Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS) , Campus E8.1 , 66123 Saarbrücken , Germany.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 cedann@indiana.edu dbkearns@indiana.edu.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Structural and Computational Biology Unit, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA; Institute Pasteur & CNRS UMR 3569, Unité de Virologie Structurale, 75015, Paris, France.,Program in Immunology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA. sebutcher@wisc.edu.,Department of Pharmacy , Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Saarland University , Campus E8.1 , 66123 Saarbrücken , Germany.,Leicester Tuberculosis Research Group (LTBRG) and Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology (LISCB), Department of Respiratory Science & Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.,School of Chemistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, England.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore 138673.,Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 3200003, Israel.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.,School of Molecular Cell Biology & Biotechnology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, 6997801, Israel.,NIH Center for Macromolecular Modeling and Bioinformatics, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA.,Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, United States.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK. Electronic address: e.hohenester@imperial.ac.uk.,Institute Pasteur & CNRS UMR 3569, Unité de Virologie Structurale, 75015, Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, CB2 1GA Cambridge, United Kingdom bfl20@cam.ac.uk swoodson@jhu.edu swh32@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. david.calderwood@yale.edu.,School of Medicine, University of Split, Šoltanska 2, HR-21000, Split, Croatia.,Program in Cellular Neuroscience, Neurodegeneration and Repair, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.,Molecular Therapeutics Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111; philim01@nyulangone.org Jinhua.wu@fccc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA. emad@life.illinois.edu.,Perlmutter Cancer Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016; philim01@nyulangone.org Jinhua.wu@fccc.edu.,Centre for Analysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry , Lund University , 221 00 Lund , Sweden.,The Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. Electronic address: bracher@biochem.mpg.de.,Department of Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103; thomas.pollard@yale.edu.,Department of Computational and Systems Biology , University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , United States.,Natural Products Library Initiative at The Scripps Research Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA. shenb@scripps.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hscho8@yonsei.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan. ktakeda@kuchem.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Life and Environmental Division, SPring-8, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Structural and Computational Biology Unit, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Collaboration for Joint PhD Degree between EMBL and Heidelberg University, Faculty of Biosciences, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,UMR5305, CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69367 Lyon Cedex 7, France.,Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.,Molecular and Structural Biochemistry Department , North Carolina State University , Raleigh , North Carolina , United States.,d Laboratoire de Cristallographie et RMN biologiques , CNRS, Université Paris Descartes , Paris , France.,Division of Genomic Stability and DNA Repair, Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,5Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Molecular Therapeutics Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111.,Helmholtz International Lab, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao, China. dlwu@sdu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. nyan@princeton.edu.,Drug Discovery Biology and Department of Pharmacology, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. arthur.christopoulos@monash.edu.,Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA; Cancer Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,e Laboratoire de Microbiologie , Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) , Gosselies , Belgium.,Institute of Biophysical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University, D-60438, Frankfurt, Germany.,From the M. M. Shemyakin and Yu. A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), 117303 Moscow, Russia, and.,From the Departments of Chemistry.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA.,Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA.,West China Hospital Emergency Department (WCHED), State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. Electronic address: lugw@scu.edu.cn.,Center for Biophysics and Quantitative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Bioinformatics and Comp Biology, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,4Umeå Centre for Molecular Medicine (UCMM), Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden.,From the Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 jjez@wustl.edu.,Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, Institute of Medical Microbiology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Cell, Molecular and Developmental Biology and Biophysics Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218; bfl20@cam.ac.uk swoodson@jhu.edu swh32@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Neuroscience, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.,Unité de Biologie Fonctionnelle et Adaptative (BFA), CNRS UMR 8251, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.,Biochemistry Graduate Program, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405.,Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea.,Center for Biophysics and Quantitative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA. emad@life.illinois.edu.,California Institute of Neuroscience , Thousand Oaks , California 91360 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines , McGill University , Montreal , Quebec H3G 0B1 , Canada.,2Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.,Institute for Enzyme Research, Tokushima University, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan. Electronic address: kiyo.fukui@tokushima-u.ac.jp.,European Spallation Source ESS ERIC , 225 92 Lund , Sweden.,Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405.,Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Research Unit, Office for Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. juthathip.mongkolsapaya@well.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521.,Electron Imaging Center for Nanomachines, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. rui.zhao@ucdenver.edu hong.zhou@ucla.edu.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,School of Medicine, University of Split, Šoltanska 2, HR-21000, Split, Croatia. ivana.novak@mefst.hr.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry , Eberhard Karls University Tübingen , Auf der Morgenstelle 8 , 72076 Tübingen , DE , Germany.,the Structural Biology Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Madrid 28029, Spain, and.,Drug Discovery Biology and Department of Pharmacology, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. alisa.glukhova@monash.edu.,University of Science and Technology , Daejeon , Republic of Korea.,Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.,Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT pietro.decamilli@yale.edu.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, California.,Nuffield Department of Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Biochemistry & Cellular and Molecular Biology Department , University of Tennessee , Knoxville , Tennessee , United States.,Department of biological and medical physics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia.,Laboratory of Genetics, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: dlyumkis@salk.edu.,Centro de Investigaciones en Química Biológica de Córdoba (CIQUIBIC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (UNC-CONICET)), Departamento de Química Biológica Ranwel Caputto, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA, Córdoba, Argentina. Electronic address: jromero@fcq.unc.edu.ar.,Science Division, Diamond Light Source Ltd, Didcot, UK. jonathan@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. eric_fischer@dfci.harvard.edu.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble, France.,NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze del CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, P.zza S. Silvestro 12, 56127 Pisa, Italy.,Johns Hopkins Drug Discovery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA; Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,Institute for Applied Cancer Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Co-Clinical Trials, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: ysun8@mdanderson.org.,Center for Open Research Resources & Equipment (COR2E) , University of Connecticut , 91 North Eagleville Road , Storrs , Connecticut 06269 , United States.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,From the Department of Genome Dynamics and Function, Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM), Madrid 28049, Spain, santiago.ramon@cbm.csic.es.,Crick Worldwide Influenza Centre, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London NW1 1AT, UK.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Institute for X-Ray Physics, University of Goettingen, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,3Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Biology, Research group of Host-Microbe Interactions, UiT-The Artic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway.,Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,CBH, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: sophia@kth.se.,Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, and.,Department of Chemistry, Institutes of Biomedical Sciences and Multiscale Research Institute of Complex System, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.,Department of Cancer Systems Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,West China Hospital Emergency Department (WCHED), State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, GZMB, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. rficner@uni-goettingen.de.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438 Shanghai, China; wenbo.ma@ucr.edu majb@fudan.edu.cn.,National Skull Base Center , Thousand Oaks , California 91360 , United States.,Department of Oncology and Metabolism, Academic Unit of Molecular Oncology, University of Sheffield, Beech Hill Rd., Sheffield S10 2RX, UK.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, USA. fraydoon.rastinejad@ndm.ox.ac.uk.,ESRF - The European Synchrotron, 71 Rue Jules Horowitz, F-38000 Grenoble, France.,Molecular Structure of Cell Signalling Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK.,Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Research Unit, Office for Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.,the Department of Chemistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00185, Italy.,NIH Center for Macromolecular Modeling and Bioinformatics, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA. emad@life.illinois.edu.,Molecular Structure of Cell Signalling Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK katrin.rittinger@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,Neutron Technologies Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee , United States.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,Workgroup Structural Biology of Biosynthetic Enzymes , Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS) , Campus E8.1 , 66123 Saarbrücken , Germany.,School of Molecular Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.,Department of Pediatrics, Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.,Laboratory for Comprehensive Bioimaging, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Osaka, Japan.,School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 637551, Singapore. julien@ntu.edu.sg.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: shyaolx@163.com.,The Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Core Facility, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Molecular Hematology and Therapy, Department of Leukemia, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,SER-CAT and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia 30602 , United States.,Institut Pasteur, Unité de Microbiologie Structurale, CNRS UMR 3528 & Université Paris Diderot, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,Kavli Institute for Neuroscience, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Drug Discovery Biology and Department of Pharmacology, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. patrick.sexton@monash.edu.,Structural Biology Research Center, Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801, Japan.,Department of Biosciences and Nutrition and Center for Innovative Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Blickagången 16, SE-141 83 Huddinge, Sweden.,e PRESTO , Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) , Kawaguchi, Saitama , Japan.,National Engineering Research Center of Immunological Products, Department of Microbiology and Biochemical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address: Jianggu2012@163.com.,Department of Dermatology , University Medical Center, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen , Liebermeisterstr. 25 , 72076 Tübingen , DE , Germany.,Department of Biosciences, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.,Program in Molecular Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.,Nuffield Department of Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. gavin.screaton@medsci.ox.ac.uk.,Institute for Enzyme Research, Tokushima University, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.,Department of Cellular Biology and Pharmacology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine , Florida International University , Miami , Florida 33134 , United States.,Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, United States.,Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.,d RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, Yokohama , Kanagawa , Japan.,Molecular Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Laboratory of Molecular and Cell Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,ENEA CR Frascati, Diagnostics and Metrology Laboratory, FSN-TECFIS-DIM, Frascati, Italy.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,From the Departments of Chemistry, redinbo@unc.edu.,W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.,Laboratory for Cell Polarity Regulation, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Osaka, Japan y.okada@riken.jp.,Epigenetics and Stem Cell Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, United States.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.,Istituto Zooprofilattico dell'Abruzzo e del Molise, Campo Boario, 64100 Teramo, Italy.,Department of Biological Sciences Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University111 Ren'ai Road, Dushu Lake Higher Education Town, Suzhou, 215123, People's Republic of China.,Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Canada.,Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 3200003, Israel. mlandau@technion.ac.il.,From the Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia and.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Denver (UCD), Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,Simon Fraser University, Canada.,Computational and Systems Medicine, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, England.,Medicines Discovery Institute, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK.,Center for Nanotechnology Innovation@NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127 Pisa, Italy.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan.,Conrad Prebys Center for Chemical Genomics, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, USA.,Section on Biological Chemistry, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.,Department of Biology, Ithaca College, Ithaca, United States.,Humabs Biomed SA, Vir Biotechnology, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521; wenbo.ma@ucr.edu majb@fudan.edu.cn.,National Magnetic Resonance Facility at Madison, Biochemistry Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Department of Chemistry , University of Connecticut , 55 North Eagleville Road , Storrs , Connecticut 06269 , United States.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Lysosomal Systems Biology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Bioquant, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA; Eugene and Marilyn Glick Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. charles.sindelar@yale.edu.,Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Center for Molecular Protein Science, Department of Chemistry , Lund University , 221 00 Lund , Sweden.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. mkimber@uoguelph.ca.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Department of Leukemia, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Chemistry , Johann Wolfgang Goethe University , Max-von-Laue-Str. 9 , D-60438 Frankfurt am Main , DE , Germany.,Laboratory for Cell Polarity Regulation, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Osaka, Japan.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, 8020, New Zealand.,Helmholtz International Lab, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao, China.,Department of Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital; Bioquant, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Laboratory of Molecular and Cell Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: patrick@salk.edu.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA. shenb@scripps.edu.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Molecular Hematology and Therapy, Department of Leukemia, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Saga University, Division of Hematology, Respiratory Medicine and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saga 849-8501, Japan.,Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, Via Gabelli 63, 35121 Padua, Italy. Electronic address: gualtiero.alvisi@unipd.it.,Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. abraham@crystal.harvard.edu.,Institute of Biophysical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University, D-60438, Frankfurt, Germany. vdoetsch@em.uni-frankfurt.de.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210, China; National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,National Magnetic Resonance Facility at Madison, Biochemistry Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA. sebutcher@wisc.edu.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Chemistry & Nanoscience , Ewha Womans University , Seoul 03760 , Republic of Korea.,Department of Food Science and Engineering , Ewha Womans University , Seoul 03760 , Republic of Korea.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics and Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, Shilongshan Road No. 18, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310064, China.,Institute for Applied Cancer Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Co-Clinical Trials, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, Université Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS UPR 2301, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology , University of Connecticut , 91 North Eagleville Road , Storrs , Connecticut 06269 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA. r-gennis@illinois.edu.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Molecular Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA), Grenoble, 38044, France.,Toxicology and Pharmacology, University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales 2650, Australia.,Institute for Applied Cancer Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Laboratory of Genetics, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy.,Division of Structural Medicine and Anatomy, Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,Thomas C. Jenkins Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.,Computer Science and Engineering Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee , United States.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Molecular Hematology and Therapy, Department of Leukemia, Houston, TX 77030, USA; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Department of Leukemia, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: mandreef@mdanderson.org.,Department of Life Science, Dongguk University-Seoul, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10326, Republic of Korea. jylee001@dongguk.edu.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, 101 College Street, MaRS South Tower, Suite 707, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States of America.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.,Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, Via Gabelli 63, 35121 Padua, Italy.,Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, London W2 1PG, England.,Department of Physics, Universal Biology Institute and the International Research Center for Neurointelligence, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,CBH, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.,Structural Biology Group, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Kanagawa, Japan.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hanc210@snu.ac.kr.,Theoretical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry , Lund University , 221 00 Lund , Sweden.,Department of Cell Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. cwhitfie@uoguelph.ca.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, USA. dlwu@sdu.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, United States.,Microbiology, Immunology, and Glycobiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine , Lund University , 221 00 Lund , Sweden.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA. shenb@scripps.edu.,From the M. M. Shemyakin and Yu. A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia.,School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England.,1Department of Molecular Biology and The Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS), Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025.,Center of Excellence in Genome Medicine Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.,College of Pharmacy and Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Ewha Womans University , Seoul 03760 , Republic of Korea.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, USA.,The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.,Faculty of Science, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 33, HR-21000, Split, Croatia.,From the Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130.,Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Structural Biology (School of Medicine), Beckman Center B105, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305-5126, USA.,Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Medical School and Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, D-60590, Frankfurt, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438 Shanghai, China.,Hauptman-Woodward Institute and SUNY University of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14203.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Leicester Institute for Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN, United Kingdom.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Ohkubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan.,Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. fraydoon.rastinejad@ndm.ox.ac.uk.,West China Hospital Emergency Department (WCHED), State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China; Disaster Medicine Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Proteolysis Laboratory, Department of Structural Biology, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, CSIC, Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, c/o Baldiri Reixac 15-21, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,the Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195.,Department of Medicine and UCSD DXMS Proteomics Resource, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,From the Department of Genome Dynamics and Function, Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM), Madrid 28049, Spain.,Biology and Soft Matter Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee , United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CAD protein
A
393Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: CAD
Find proteins for P27708 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CAD
Go to UniProtKB:  P27708
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FMT
Query on FMT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
KCX
Query on KCX
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC7 H14 N2 O4LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.47997 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.158 
  • R-Value Work: 0.126 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 81.700α = 90.00
b = 158.730β = 90.00
c = 60.960γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Spanish Ministry of Economy and CompetitivenessSpainBFU2016-80570-R

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-10-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-12-19
    Type: Data collection, Database references