6CK2

Insulin analog containing a YB26W mutation

  • Classification: HORMONE
  • Organism(s): Homo sapiens
  • Mutation(s): Yes 

  • Deposited: 2018-02-27 Released: 2018-06-13 
  • Deposition Author(s): Rege, N.K., Yee, V.C., Weiss, M.A.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIH/NIDDK)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure-based stabilization of insulin as a therapeutic protein assembly via enhanced aromatic-aromatic interactions.

Rege, N.K.Wickramasinghe, N.P.Tustan, A.N.Phillips, N.F.B.Yee, V.C.Ismail-Beigi, F.Weiss, M.A.

(2018) J Biol Chem 293: 10895-10910

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.003650
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6CK2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Key contributions to protein structure and stability are provided by weakly polar interactions, which arise from asymmetric electronic distributions within amino acids and peptide bonds. Of particular interest are aromatic side chains whose directional π ...

    Key contributions to protein structure and stability are provided by weakly polar interactions, which arise from asymmetric electronic distributions within amino acids and peptide bonds. Of particular interest are aromatic side chains whose directional π-systems commonly stabilize protein interiors and interfaces. Here, we consider aromatic-aromatic interactions within a model protein assembly: the dimer interface of insulin. Semi-classical simulations of aromatic-aromatic interactions at this interface suggested that substitution of residue Tyr B26 by Trp would preserve native structure while enhancing dimerization (and hence hexamer stability). The crystal structure of a [Trp B26 ]insulin analog (determined as a T 3 R f 3 zinc hexamer at a resolution of 2.25 Å) was observed to be essentially identical to that of WT insulin. Remarkably and yet in general accordance with theoretical expectations, spectroscopic studies demonstrated a 150-fold increase in the in vitro lifetime of the variant hexamer, a critical pharmacokinetic parameter influencing design of long-acting formulations. Functional studies in diabetic rats indeed revealed prolonged action following subcutaneous injection. The potency of the Trp B26 -modified analog was equal to or greater than an unmodified control. Thus, exploiting a general quantum-chemical feature of protein structure and stability, our results exemplify a mechanism-based approach to the optimization of a therapeutic protein assembly.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Department of Biochemistry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin A chain AC21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin B chain BD30Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IPH
Query on IPH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C
PHENOL
C6 H6 O
ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B, D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
ORN
Query on ORN
B,DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H12 N2 O2ALA
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.755α = 90
b = 79.755β = 90
c = 37.61γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIH/NIDDK)United StatesR01 DK0409849
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIH/NIDDK)United States1F30DK112644

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-06-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-06-27
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-07-25
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence