6BXE

Crystal structure of Variable Lymphocyte Receptor 9 (VLR9)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.154 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

VLR Recognition of TLR5 Expands the Molecular Characterization of Protein Antigen Binding by Non-Ig-based Antibodies.

Gunn, R.J.Herrin, B.R.Acharya, S.Cooper, M.D.Wilson, I.A.

(2018) J Mol Biol 430: 1350-1367

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2018.03.016
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6BXA, 6BXC, 6BXD, 6BXE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Variable lymphocyte receptors (VLRs) are unconventional adaptive immune receptors relatively recently discovered in the phylogenetically ancient jawless vertebrates, lamprey and hagfish. VLRs bind antigens using a leucine-rich repeat fold and are the only known adaptive immune receptors that do not utilize an immunoglobulin fold for antigen recognition ...

    Variable lymphocyte receptors (VLRs) are unconventional adaptive immune receptors relatively recently discovered in the phylogenetically ancient jawless vertebrates, lamprey and hagfish. VLRs bind antigens using a leucine-rich repeat fold and are the only known adaptive immune receptors that do not utilize an immunoglobulin fold for antigen recognition. While immunoglobulin antibodies have been studied extensively, there are comparatively few studies on antigen recognition by VLRs, particularly for protein antigens. Here we report isolation, functional and structural characterization of three VLRs that bind the protein toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) from zebrafish. Two of the VLRs block binding of TLR5 to its cognate ligand flagellin in functional assays using reporter cells. Co-crystal structures revealed that these VLRs bind to two different epitopes on TLR5, both of which include regions involved in flagellin binding. Our work here demonstrates that the lamprey adaptive immune system can be used to generate high-affinity VLR clones that recognize different epitopes and differentially impact natural ligand binding to a protein antigen.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: wilson@scripps.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Variable lymphocyte receptor diversity regionA, B178Petromyzon marinusMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for A5HBR7 (Petromyzon marinus)
Explore A5HBR7 
Go to UniProtKB:  A5HBR7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA5HBR7
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.154 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 75.511α = 90
b = 75.511β = 90
c = 99.307γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAI042266
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAI072435

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-05-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-02-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Data collection
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-18
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2022-03-23
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2022-03-30
    Changes: Author supporting evidence