6BFI

Vinculin homolog in a sponge (phylum Porifera) reveals vertebrate-like cell adhesions involved in early multicellular evolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Analysis of a vinculin homolog in a sponge (phylum Porifera) reveals that vertebrate-like cell adhesions emerged early in animal evolution.

Miller, P.W.Pokutta, S.Mitchell, J.M.Chodaparambil, J.V.Clarke, D.N.Nelson, W.J.Weis, W.I.Nichols, S.A.

(2018) J Biol Chem 293: 11674-11686

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.001325
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6BFI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The evolution of cell-adhesion mechanisms in animals facilitated the assembly of organized multicellular tissues. Studies in traditional animal models have revealed two predominant adhesion structures, the adherens junction (AJ) and focal adhesions (FAs), which are involved in the attachment of neighboring cells to each other and to the secreted extracellular matrix (ECM), respectively ...

    The evolution of cell-adhesion mechanisms in animals facilitated the assembly of organized multicellular tissues. Studies in traditional animal models have revealed two predominant adhesion structures, the adherens junction (AJ) and focal adhesions (FAs), which are involved in the attachment of neighboring cells to each other and to the secreted extracellular matrix (ECM), respectively. The AJ (containing cadherins and catenins) and FAs (comprising integrins, talin, and paxillin) differ in protein composition, but both junctions contain the actin-binding protein vinculin. The near ubiquity of these structures in animals suggests that AJ and FAs evolved early, possibly coincident with multicellularity. However, a challenge to this perspective is that previous studies of sponges-a divergent animal lineage-indicate that their tissues are organized primarily by an alternative, sponge-specific cell-adhesion mechanism called "aggregation factor." In this study, we examined the structure, biochemical properties, and tissue localization of a vinculin ortholog in the sponge Oscarella pearsei ( Op ). Our results indicate that Op vinculin localizes to both cell-cell and cell-ECM contacts and has biochemical and structural properties similar to those of vertebrate vinculin. We propose that Op vinculin played a role in cell adhesion and tissue organization in the last common ancestor of sponges and other animals. These findings provide compelling evidence that sponge tissues are indeed organized like epithelia in other animals and support the notion that AJ- and FA-like structures extend to the earliest periods of animal evolution.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado 80208 scott.nichols@du.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
VIN1A, B846Oscarella pearseiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: VIN1
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A3B6UES5 (Oscarella pearsei)
Explore A0A3B6UES5 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A3B6UES5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 50.344α = 114.81
b = 93.676β = 93.29
c = 101.634γ = 90.23
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
MrBUMPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM114462

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-06-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-06-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-08-08
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2020-01-01
    Changes: Author supporting evidence