6AJ3

The structure of Enterovirus D68 procapsid

  • Classification: VIRUS
  • Organism(s): Enterovirus D68

  • Deposited: 2018-08-26 Released: 2018-11-07 
  • Deposition Author(s): Zheng, Q.B., Zhu, R., Xu, L.F., He, M.Z., Yan, X.D., Cheng, T., Li, S.W.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Natural Science Foundation of China; National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences; National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research; National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research Resources; National Science Foundation (United States) 

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.8 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Atomic structures of enterovirus D68 in complex with two monoclonal antibodies define distinct mechanisms of viral neutralization

Zheng, Q.Zhu, R.Xu, L.He, M.Yan, X.Liu, D.Yin, Z.Wu, Y.Li, Y.Yang, L.Hou, W.Li, S.Li, Z.Chen, Z.Li, Z.Yu, H.Gu, Y.Zhang, J.Baker, T.S.Zhou, Z.H.Graham, B.S.Cheng, T.Li, S.Xia, N.

(2019) Nat Microbiol 4: 124-133

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41564-018-0275-7
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) undergoes structural transformation between mature, cell-entry intermediate (A-particle) and empty forms throughout its life cycle. Structural information for the various forms and antibody-bound capsids will facilitate the d ...

    Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) undergoes structural transformation between mature, cell-entry intermediate (A-particle) and empty forms throughout its life cycle. Structural information for the various forms and antibody-bound capsids will facilitate the development of effective vaccines and therapeutics against EV-D68 infection, which causes childhood respiratory and paralytic diseases worldwide. Here, we report the structures of three EV-D68 capsid states representing the virus at major phases. We further describe two original monoclonal antibodies (15C5 and 11G1) with distinct structurally defined mechanisms for virus neutralization. 15C5 and 11G1 engage the capsid loci at icosahedral three-fold and five-fold axes, respectively. To block viral attachment, 15C5 binds three forms of capsids, and triggers mature virions to transform into A-particles, mimicking engagement by the functional receptor ICAM-5, whereas 11G1 exclusively recognizes the A-particle. Our data provide a structural and molecular explanation for the transition of picornavirus capsid conformations and demonstrate distinct mechanisms for antibody-mediated neutralization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.,Molecular Partners AG, Wagistrasse 14, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland. info@molecularpartners.com.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, England.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA.,Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3QT , U.K.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 ckerfeld@lbl.gov.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.,USR 2000, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.,Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence, University of Muenster, 48149, Muenster, Germany.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway. Magnus.Jakobsson@cpr.ku.dk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 450 Vojvode Stepe, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea; sangryu@snu.ac.kr hanc210@snu.ac.kr.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore. Electronic address: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan. yshiro@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp sawai@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacy, Epigenetic Med Chem Lab, University of Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084, Fisciano, SA, Italy.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. nikolaeva_ay@nrcki.ru.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-5627, USA.,Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Avenida Universidad 2001, 62210 Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,the School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway.,Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA. elizabeth.campbell@rockefeller.edu.,Department of Structural Cell Biology, Max-Planck-Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 20 North Pine Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States.,Worldwide Influenza Centre, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F.Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States; Vahlteich Medicinal Chemistry Core, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India. Electronic address: ashish_arora@cdri.res.in.,Laboratori de Química Farmacèutica (Unitat Associada al CSIC), Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l'Alimentació, and Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB) , Universitat de Barcelona , Av. Joan XXIII s/n , Barcelona E-08028 , Spain.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom, and.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, China. Electronic address: guo_rt@tib.cas.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.,Science for Life Laboratory, Division of Translational Medicine and Chemical Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: thomas.helleday@scilifelab.se.,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France. r.fronzes@iecb.u-bordeaux.fr.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon, Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand. Electronic address: danaya.pak@mahidol.ac.th.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miklukho-Maklaya Street 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: stephen_blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,Program in Biophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ymkim@konkuk.ac.kr.,Genetics and Genomic Medicine, University College London, London, United Kingdom.,Skryabin Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology, Moscow 109472, Russia. grenom96@yandex.ru.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, France.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Structural Genomics Consortium , University of Oxford , Old Road Campus Research Building, Roosevelt Drive , Oxford OX3 7DQ , United Kingdom.,Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy; Università degli Studi di Firenze, NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. robert.gustafsson@dbb.su.se.,the Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.,Structure and Biophysics, Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Boston, USA; 35 Gatehouse Drive, Waltham, MA 02451, USA.,Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Discovery Research, Amgen Inc., 1120 Veterans Boulevard, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA. zwang@amgen.com.,From the Wisconsin Energy Institute, tdonohue@bact.wisc.edu.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Bayer AG, division Crop Science, Alfred-Nobel-Strasse 50, 40789, Monheim am Rhein, Germany.,Biomolecular Chemistry, and.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan.,Department of Pathology, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Cailun Road 1200, Pudong District, Shanghai, China.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,CNRS UMR 5234 Microbiologie Fondamentale et Pathogénicité, Paris, France. r.fronzes@iecb.u-bordeaux.fr.,Bayer AG, Drug Discovery, Pharmaceuticals, Lead Discovery Berlin, 13353, Berlin, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,a Department of Life Sciences , Korea University , Seongbuk-gu, Seoul , Republic of Korea.,Manchester Institute of Biotechnology , The University of Manchester , 131 Princess Street , Manchester , M1 7DN , UK.,S. Arthur Localio Laboratory, Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 435 East 30th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7FZ, UK.,Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, 31077, Toulouse, France.,Institut du Thorax, Inserm UMR 1087/CNRS UMR 6291, LabEx "Ion Channels, Science and Therapeutics", Nantes, France.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. scheres@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Genome-based BioIT Convergence Institute, Asansi, Korea.,From the Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, NCI, and mazurs@mail.nih.gov.,QB3 Institute , University of California-Berkeley , 356 Stanley Hall , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. vpopov@inbi.ras.ru.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8; Department of Medicine, Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.,Diamond Light Source Ltd., Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. anthony.purcell@monash.edu nathan.croft@monash.edu.,Institute for Glycomics , Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus , Queensland 4222 , Australia.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France. Electronic address: brice.korkmaz@inserm.fr.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 210-41, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California, 91125, USA.,Fisheries and Oceans Hakodate, Hakodate, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. shaowei@xmu.edu.cn.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS, Marseille, France. eric.durand@inserm.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR8229, 75005 Paris, France.,Molecular Stethoscope , 10835 Road to the Cure #100 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology, Institute for Diabetes and Metabolic Health, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0912, United States.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Molecular and Cellular Modeling Group, Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), 69118, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States.,Vanderbilt Mass Spectrometry Research Center and Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA; Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: poignard@scripps.edu.,The Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland. kurt.ballmer-hofer@unibas.ch.,Molecular & Materials Modelling group Data61, CSIRO, Docklands, Melbourne, 8012, VIC, Australia.,c Tumor Microenvironment Branch , Research Institute, National Cancer Center , Goyang , Republic of Korea.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, TU Dortmund University, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 4a, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,the K. G. Jebsen Centre for Coeliac Disease Research, University of Oslo, 0424 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany; baumeist@biochem.mpg.de.,IGA Bio Research, Sakai, Osaka 590-0004, Japan.,Laboratory of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry, Showa Pharmaceutical University , 3-3165 Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,From the Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, NCI, and.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,the Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, Rockville, Maryland 20850, and.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. epuglisi@stanford.edu.,Chemistry and Chemical Biology Graduate Program , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Drug Safety and Metabolism, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Gothenburg 43183 Sweden.,Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Biotechnology, Sunmoon University, Asansi, Korea.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: andrea.mattevi@unipv.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210009, China.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: guy.tran-van-nhieu@college-de-france.fr.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. bgraham@nih.gov.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.,Department of Systems and Computational Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China; Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Rd., Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China. Electronic address: hjzhang@hust.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology,ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093, Switzerland.,Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.,Mass Spectrometry for Biology Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.,Integrated Drug Discovery-Synthetic Molecular Design, Sanofi R&D, Frankfurt, Germany.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States. Electronic address: yangs9@mail.nih.gov.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom, and Ivo.Tews@soton.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.,Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy and Biophysics Graduate Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, France.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. zhangyy@simm.ac.cn.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine,Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA.,Seed Compounds Exploratory Unit for Drug Discovery Platform, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. takashi.umehara@riken.jp.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, 2333 CC, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,S. Arthur Localio Laboratory, Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 435 East 30th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: george.miller@nyumc.org.,Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy; Università degli Studi di Firenze, NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy. Electronic address: claudiu.supuran@unifi.it.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research Institute, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9, Canada.,Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Mechanistic Biology & Profiling, Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Gothenburg 43183 Sweden.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA. cbasler@gsu.edu.,From the Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom ingrid.dreveny@nottingham.ac.uk.,Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, China.,Department of Pharmacy, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti/Pescara, Via Dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.,College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, 210032, China.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. myzheng@simm.ac.cn.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , 250 Massachusetts Avenue , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Pattern Recognition Receptor Discovery Performance Unit, Immuno-Inflammation Therapeutic Area, GlaxoSmithKline, 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.,Laboratory of Genetically Encoded Small Molecules, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. hashimoto@kanagawa-iri.jp.,Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Departamento de Bionanotecnología, Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, 22800 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.,Department of Bio-organic Synthesis, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, 2333 CC, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Pattern Recognition Receptor Discovery Performance Unit, Immuno-Inflammation Therapeutic Area, GlaxoSmithKline, 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA. Electronic address: john.j.bertin@gsk.com.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: xu_yong@gibh.ac.cn.,Life Sciences Institute, Departments of Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States.,Dept. of Protein Evolution, Max-Planck-Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,Vaccine Research Center, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Henry Wellcome Building, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 9HN, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Aukland Park, 2006, South Africa.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan. mr0505@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. jpcurtin@hku.hk.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. nzheng@uw.edu.,d Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences , Graduate School , Seongbuk-gu, Seoul , Republic of Korea.,Department of Biological Sciences and Centre for Bioimaging Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences , University of Dundee , DD1 5EH Dundee , U.K.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.,Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan. negoro@eng.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210 United States. Electronic address: ghoshd@upstate.edu.,Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,CNRS UMR 5234 Microbiologie Fondamentale et Pathogénicité, Paris, France.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark. Jesper.Olsen@cpr.ku.dk.,e Department of Oral Biochemistry and Molecular BiologySchool of Dentistry , Kyung Hee University , Seoul , Republic of Korea.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Monogram Biosciences Inc., San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires , Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, INSERM, Marseille, France. eric.durand@inserm.fr.,Platform Technology and Science , GlaxoSmithKline , Stevenage , U.K.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. sylviegtsodikova@uky.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: jiang@scripps.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. oleg.tsodikov@uky.edu.,Monash Centre for Data Science, Faculty of Information Technology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States. Electronic address: sobhana.babu.boga@merck.com.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Institute of Food Science, CNR, Via Roma, 64 Avellino, Italy.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. hannoush.rami@gene.com.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Molcentrics, Inc. , 11835 Carmel Mountain Road #1304-110 , San Diego , California 92128 , United States.,Michigan State University-U.S. Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824.,Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Zymeworks Inc, 540-1385 West 8th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V9, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia. b.heras@latrobe.edu.au.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience , The University of Queensland , Brisbane , QLD 4072 , Australia.,Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1, Canada.,NSLS, Brookhaven National Laboratory, 75 Brookhaven Avenue, Building 725D, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA.,Chemistry, Oncology, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Boston, USA; 35 Gatehouse Drive, Waltham, MA 02451, USA. Electronic address: lakshmaiah.gingipalli@astrazeneca.com.,Max Planck Research Group for RNA Biology, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine, 48149, Muenster, Germany.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. myzheng@simm.ac.cn.,University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Brazil.,Abide Therapeutics , 10835 Road to the Cure, Suite 250 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Laboratorio de Agrobiotecnología, Tecnoparque CLQ, Universidad de Colima, Carretera Los Limones-Loma de Juárez, 28629 Colima, Colima, Mexico. Electronic address: hserrano0@ucol.mx.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. sudha.chakrapani@case.edu.,Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Chemical Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway. Pal.Falnes@ibv.uio.no.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7DQ, UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: stenmark@dbb.su.se.,The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India. Electronic address: spkanaujia@iitg.ac.in.,Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Discovery Research, Amgen Inc., 360 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstrasse 7, 45117, Essen, Germany.,High Throughput Analysis Laboratory and Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, 60208, IL, USA.,Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse 4, 35043, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States; Vahlteich Medicinal Chemistry Core, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States. Electronic address: showalh@umich.edu.,School of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 601 Huangpu Avenue West, Guangzhou 510632, China.,Division of Biological Sciences, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.,Developmental Biology and Cancer Programmes, Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.,Synsight, Évry, France.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,John Innes Centre , Norwich , U.K.,Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9ST, UK.,Chemistry, Oncology, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Boston, USA; 35 Gatehouse Drive, Waltham, MA 02451, USA.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry , University of Pennsylvania , 231 South 34th Street , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania 19104 , United States.,Institute of Immunology, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China. wei.liu.2005@gmail.com.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, 2234, NSW, Australia.,INDS Inc. , 6111 Jackson Road, Suite 100 , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48103 , United States.,Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan.,From the Ocean and Earth Sciences, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Straße 4, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. geoffrey.masuyer@dbb.su.se.,Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.,Macromolecular X-ray Crystallography Core, Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW, 2678, Australia. jforwood@csu.edu.au.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea. chahong@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: bh6@columbia.edu.,Department of Biochemistry , McGill University , Montréal , Québec H3G 0B1 , Canada.,Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, QB3 Institute , University of California-Berkeley , 374B Stanley Hall , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,Division of Structural Studies, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS, Marseille, France.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS, USA.,Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, Porto Alegre, Brazil.,leadXpro AG, PARK INNOVAARE, 5234, Villigen, Switzerland.,Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, United Kingdom.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea.,eFFECTOR Therapeutics , 11180 Roselle Street , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural & Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and.,Centro Nazionale per il Controllo e la Valutazione dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, I-00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Mathematics, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig, Germany.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. h.w.liu@mail.utexas.edu.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Drug Chemistry and Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Zentrum für Molekulare Biologie der Universität Heidelberg, DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance, Heidelberg University, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Justus-Liebig University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 17, 35392, Giessen, Germany.,Institut de Química Computacional i Catalisi and Departament de Química, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ben.davis@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Departamento de Biología Molecular y Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico. Electronic address: sersan@biomedicas.unam.mx.,Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, Via G. Moruzzi 13, 56124 Pisa, Italy. chiara.gabbiani@unipi.it.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan.,Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Monash University, Melbourne, 3800, VIC, Australia.,Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Center for Life Nano Science@Sapienza, Italian Institute of Technology, Via Regina Elena 291, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA.,Hain Lifescience GmbH, D-72147, Nehren, Germany.,Bioorganic Chemistry, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.,Institute of Cancer Research , 15 Cotswold Road , Sutton , Surrey SM2 5NG , United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F.Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland. roger.dawson@roche.com.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3G 0B1, Canada. Electronic address: bhushan.nagar@mcgill.ca.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.,Tetra Discovery Partners, Inc. , 38 Fulton Street West , Grand Rapids , Michigan 49503 , United States.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720.,Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Laboratorio de Agrobiotecnología, Tecnoparque CLQ, Universidad de Colima, Carretera Los Limones-Loma de Juárez, 28629 Colima, Colima, Mexico. Electronic address: scenteno0@ucol.mx.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: knacro@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy; Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Str. 11, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,the Laboratories of Molecular Biology and.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: rsm10@columbia.edu.,Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.,Ipsen Bioinnovation, 102 Park Drive, Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4RY, UK.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 160 Pujian Road, Shanghai, 200127, China.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. zhangyy@simm.ac.cn.,Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Discovery Research, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, CA, 91320, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, 3086, Australia.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark. Electronic address: jp@neuprozyme.com.,SARomics Biostructures, 223 63 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.,Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, China.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov.,Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , U.K.,School of Stomatology and Medicine, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong, 528000, China.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk.,US Army Research Laboratory - South, Austin, TX, USA.,Civil and Environmental Engineering.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. nzheng@uw.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology , University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario N1G 2W1 , Canada.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,School of Medical Science, and Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, 4222, QLD, Australia.,Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Westville, Durban, 4001, South Africa.,National Research Center for Veterinary Medicine, Luoyang, Henan, China.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand; School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Rayong, 21210, Thailand.,ConverGene LLC., 3093 Beverly Lane, Unit C, Cambridge, MD 21613, United States.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France. philippe.minard@u-psud.fr.,Departamento de Biología Molecular y Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Neuroscience Therapeutic Area, Neurodegeneration Research, Sanofi R&D, Chilly-Mazarin, France.,Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.,Center for Integrative Proteomics Research, Rutgers State University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. tcheng@xmu.edu.cn.,Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO), CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-8020, USA.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Institute for Advanced Study and Center of Integrated Protein Science, Department Chemie , Technische Universität München , Lichtenbergstrasse 4 , 85747 Garching , Germany.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Korea.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Notre Dame , Notre Dame , Indiana 46556 , United States.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: yunch@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,the Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, and.,Laboratório de Avaliação e Síntese de Substâncias Bioativas (LASSBio), Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, CEP, 21941-902, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K. dmfvanaalten@dundee.ac.uk.,The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan.,Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: rochel@igbmc.fr.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, United States.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. dcwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3G 0B1, Canada.,Jenner Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. mm_shn@mail.ru.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India. Electronic address: madhu@ccmb.res.in.,Humabs BioMed SA, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. sykilinda@mail.ru.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: antonello.mai@uniroma1.it.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia. m.schembri@uq.edu.au.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. shin.sato@riken.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: alessia.ruggiero@unina.it.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences , University at Buffalo, The State University of New York , Buffalo , New York 14214-8033 , United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.,Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, Heidelberg University, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,IRCCS SDN, 80143 Napoli, Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. joonyoon@ewha.ac.kr.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, Illkirch, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Laboratory of Chromatin Structure and Function, Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences , Academia Sinica , Taipei 11529 , Taiwan.,Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Smartox Biotechnology, Saint-Egrève, France.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: nandhanu@gmail.com.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. matz@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp.,Division of Malaria & Parasitic Disease, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong, 28159, Republic of Korea.,Department of Life Science and Biochemical Engineering, Sunmoon University, Asansi, Korea.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona 85721 , United States.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Planegg, Germany.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235; james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu jens.meiler@vanderbilt.edu.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark. Magnus.Jakobsson@cpr.ku.dk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. sicai.zhang@childrens.harvard.edu.,Integrated Drug Discovery-High Content Biology, Sanofi R&D, Vitry-sur-Seine, France.,Structure-Based Design, Inc. , 6048 Cornerstone Court West #D , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd., Espoo, Finland.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509.,Fengnan District Hospital, Tangshan, 063300, China.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suita, Japan.,Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Discovery Research, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, CA, 91320, USA. lesm@amgen.com.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.,Chemistry.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy.,Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.,Medicinal Frontier Department , KNC Laboratories Company, Ltd. , 1-1-1 Murotani , Nishi-ku, Kobe 651-2241 , Japan.,School of Biosystem and Biomedical Science, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,a Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics , University of Madras, Guindy Campus , Chennai , Tamil Nadu , India.,Ipsen Innovation, 5 Avenue du Canada, 91940 Les Ulis, France.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, P.R. China.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Alchemical Dynamics s.r.l., 00125, Rome, Italy.,School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, China.,Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. stenmark@dbb.su.se.,Primmune Therapeutics, Inc. , 3210 Merryfield Row , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiao Hong Shan No.44, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: huaidongzhang@yahoo.com.,the Departments of Biochemistry.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,School of Chemistry , The University of Manchester , 131 Princess Street , Manchester , M1 7DN , UK . Email: jason.micklefield@manchester.ac.uk.,German Cancer Network (DKTK), Frankfurt/Mainz site, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Programa de Genómica Computacional, Centro de Ciencias Genómicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Avenida Universidad 2001, 62210 Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.,b Department of Cancer Biomedical Science , National Cancer Center Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy , Seongbuk-gu, Seoul , Republic of Korea.,Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences and Computational Sciences and Engineering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennesse 37831.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 672, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.,Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612, AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 81377 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.,Institut des Neurosciences Paris-Saclay (Neuro-PSI), UMR CNRS/Université Paris-Sud 9197, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 37232, USA. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Yale Cancer Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Pharma-Vation Consulting, LLC , 1201 Turnberry Ridge Court , Chesterfield , Missouri 63005 , United States.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. shunichi.sekine@riken.jp kurumizaka@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering , University of Colorado , Boulder , Colorado 80309 , United States.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: kieffer@igbmc.fr.,Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, 3168, VIC, Australia.,Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, 9747AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Faculty of Life Sciences , The University of Manchester , 131 Princess Street , Manchester , M1 7DN , UK.,Discovery Biology, Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Gothenburg 43183 Sweden.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States. Electronic address: dave@NexusDA.com.,Department of Pharmacology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210 United States.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea.,Department of Microbiology, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, Netherlands.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Division of Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine , 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho , Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017 , Japan.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, England.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119071, Russia. kmb@inbi.ras.ru.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biotherapeutic and Analytical Technologies, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Science for Life Laboratory, Division of Translational Medicine and Chemical Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21 Stockholm, Sweden.,Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia.,University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: rmckenna@ufl.edu.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York, NY, USA.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,From the Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1150 W Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Microbiology, University of Bonn, D-53115, Bonn, Germany.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. kmi@ibch.ru.,Integrative Omics, Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Institute of Microbiology, v.v.i , Czech Academy of Sciences , Prague 4 , 142 20 , Czech Republic.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8.,School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, São Paulo, Brazil.,Cell Biology Lab, National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India.,Albany Molecular Research, Inc. , 21 Corporate Circle , Albany , New York 12203 , United States.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. kmb@inbi.ras.ru.,Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Australian Synchrotron, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, VIC, 3168, Australia.,Department of Pathology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. sudha.chakrapani@case.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. chajung@ewha.ac.kr.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,MedImmune LLC, Gaithersburg, MD 20878.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Graduate School of Science and Technology, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Nara, 630-0192, Japan. Electronic address: ttsukazaki@mac.com.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, Stuttgart University, Allmandring 31, 70569, Stuttgart, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. nsxia@xmu.edu.cn.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,pRED, Therapeutic Modalities, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, 4070 Basel, Switzerland.,White Global Pharma Consultants , 31 Kinglet Drive , South Cranbury , New Jersey 08512 , United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 160 Pujian Road, Shanghai, 200127, China. hyrrenji2@aliyun.com.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Northern Illinois University , 1425 West Lincoln Highway , DeKalb , Illinois 60115 , United States.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Clayton Foundation Laboratories of Peptide Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA.,the Department of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center.,School of Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (Secció de Química Orgànica) and Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.,Immunology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8. Electronic address: jwhitney@mcmaster.ca.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. werner.kuehlbrandt@biophys.mpg.de t.meier@imperial.ac.uk.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China; Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Rd., Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. hideaki.niwa@riken.jp.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,National Institute of Health, Centre for the Control and Evaluation of Medicines, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Laboratory of Genetically Encoded Small Molecules, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA. sbrady@rockefeller.edu.,Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Stephanie_dougan@dfci.harvard.edu mbirnb@mit.edu.,The California NanoSystems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, China; School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 34134, Republic of Korea.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW, 2678, Australia.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: gunaunom@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China; Health Science Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; School of Medicine, Nankai University, Nankai District, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address: yshao@bjmu.edu.cn.,School of Biological Sciences , University of East Anglia , Norwich Research Park , Norwich NR4 7TJ , U.K.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Discovery Research, Amgen Inc., 1120 Veterans Boulevard, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. wyatt.yue@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Dept. of Protein Evolution, Max-Planck-Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: andrei.lupas@tuebingen.mpg.de.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: caflisch@bioc.uzh.ch.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts. Stephanie_dougan@dfci.harvard.edu mbirnb@mit.edu.,the Genome Center of Wisconsin, and.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7DQ, UK.,Program in Chemical Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States; Life Sciences Institute, Departments of Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States.,Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322 christine.m.dunham@emory.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland Joensuu Campus, Joensuu, Finland.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany.,Graduate School of Science and Technology, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Nara, 630-0192, Japan.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119071, Russia. vpopov@inbi.ras.ru.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Michigan Drug Discovery, Life Sciences Institute , University of Michigan , 210 Washtenaw Avenue , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48103 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Beryllium Discovery Corp. , 7869 NE Day Road West , Bainbridge Island , Washington 98110 , United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: sergio.valente@uniroma1.it.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Federal Scientific Research Centre `Crystallography and Photonics' of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 59, Moscow 119333, Russian Federation.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: luigi.vitagliano@unina.it.,National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.,Departments of Behavioral Medicine & Psychiatry and Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute , West Virginia University Health Sciences Center , 1 Medical Center Drive , Morgantown , West Virginia 26506 , United States.,Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Research , Amgen Inc. , 1120 Veterans Blvd , South San Francisco , California 94080 , United States.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Medicinal Chemistry, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Gothenburg 43183 Sweden.,Department of Biophysics, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany.,Institut Pasteur, Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, CNRS UMR 3528, C3BI USR 3756, Paris, France.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia. nlklyachko@gmail.com.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Vaccine and Infectious Disease Research Centre, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad, Haryana 121001, India.,Biological Systems and Engineering Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720.,Heidelberg Graduate School of Mathematical and Computational Methods for the Sciences, Heidelberg University, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: mlbulyk@genetics.med.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Oncternal Therapeutics , 3525 Del Mar Heights Road #821 , San Diego , California 92130 , United States.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: zhangyonghui@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , New York 10461 , United States.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720.,Polaris Pharmaceuticals , 9373 Towne Centre Drive #150 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,University of Auckland, Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U964, Illkirch, France.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Computational and Systems Biology, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO, 80210, USA.,Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. mg@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,From the Wisconsin Energy Institute.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and bbiswal@nii.ac.in.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA.,Centre for Innate Immunity and Infectious Diseases, Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Department of Molecular and Translational Science, School of Clinical Science, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus , CH-4056 Basel , Switzerland.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology , Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano," CSIC , 28006 Madrid , Spain.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein VP1
A
295Enterovirus D68Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A097F8Q2 (Enterovirus D68)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A097F8Q2
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein VP2
B
248Enterovirus D68Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A097F8Q2 (Enterovirus D68)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A097F8Q2
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein VP3
C
247Enterovirus D68Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A097F8Q2 (Enterovirus D68)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A097F8Q2
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.8 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaChina81401669
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR37-GM33050
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM071940
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited States1U24GM116792
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial ResearchUnited StatesDE025567
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious DiseasesUnited StatesAI094386
National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research ResourcesUnited States1S10RR23057
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesDBI-1338135
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesDMR-1548924
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesDBI-1338135
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesDMR-1548924

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-11-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-11-21
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-12-26
    Type: Data collection, Database references