6A5Z

Crystal structure of human FXR/RXR-LBD heterodimer bound to HNC180 and 9cRA and SRC1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Ligand binding and heterodimerization with retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha ) induce farnesoid X receptor (FXR) conformational changes affecting coactivator binding

Wang, N.Zou, Q.Xu, J.Zhang, J.Liu, J.

(2018) J Biol Chem 293: 18180-18191

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.004652
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6A5Z, 6A5W, 6A5Y, 6A5X, 6A60

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) functions as the major bile acid sensor coordinating cholesterol metabolism, lipid homeostasis, and absorption of dietary fats and vitamins. Because of its central role in metabolism, FXR represents an impo ...

    Nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) functions as the major bile acid sensor coordinating cholesterol metabolism, lipid homeostasis, and absorption of dietary fats and vitamins. Because of its central role in metabolism, FXR represents an important drug target to manage metabolic and other diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. FXR and nuclear receptor retinoid X receptor α (RXRα) form a heterodimer that controls the expression of numerous downstream genes. To date, the structural basis and functional consequences of the FXR/RXR heterodimer interaction have remained unclear. Herein, we present the crystal structures of the heterodimeric complex formed between the ligand-binding domains of human FXR and RXRα. We show that both FXR and RXR bind to the transcriptional coregulator steroid receptor coactivator 1 with higher affinity when they are part of the heterodimer complex than when they are in their respective monomeric states. Furthermore, structural comparisons of the FXR/RXRα heterodimers and the FXR monomers bound with different ligands indicated that both heterodimerization and ligand binding induce conformational changes in the C terminus of helix 11 in FXR that affect the stability of the coactivator binding surface and the coactivator binding in FXR. In summary, our findings shed light on the allosteric signal transduction in the FXR/RXR heterodimer, which may be utilized for future drug development targeting FXR.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510530, China, and.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bile acid receptorAH229Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: NR1H4BARFXRHRR1RIP14
Find proteins for Q96RI1 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q96RI1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96RI1
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q96RI1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Retinoic acid receptor RXR-alphaDL238Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RXRANR2B1
Find proteins for P19793 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P19793 
Go to UniProtKB:  P19793
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PHAROS  P19793
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nuclear receptor coactivator 1EFGI16Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NCOA1BHLHE74SRC1
EC: 2.3.1.48
Find proteins for Q15788 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15788 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15788
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q15788
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
9R3
Query on 9R3

Download CCD File 
A, H
2-[(1R,5S)-9-[[3-[2,6-bis(chloranyl)phenyl]-5-cyclopropyl-1,2-oxazol-4-yl]methoxy]-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl]-1,3-benzothiazole-6-carboxylic acid
C29 H27 Cl2 N3 O4 S
LRGRHLPTAIKGDV-JSCPRHNGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
9CR
Query on 9CR

Download CCD File 
D, L
(9cis)-retinoic acid
C20 H28 O2
SHGAZHPCJJPHSC-ZVCIMWCZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 89.53α = 90
b = 96.13β = 90
c = 114.24γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Aimlessdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2018-06-25 
  • Released Date: 2018-10-10 
  • Deposition Author(s): Wang, N., Liu, J.

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
China31770817

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-10-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-10-17
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2018-12-05
    Changes: Data collection, Database references