Structural basis of ligand binding modes at the neuropeptide Y Y1receptorYang, Z., Han, S., Keller, M., Kaiser, A., Bender, B.J., Bosse, M., Burkert, K., Kogler, L.M., Wifling, D., Bernhardt, G., Plank, N., Littmann, T., Schmidt, P., Yi, C., Li, B., Ye, S., Zhang, R., Xu, B., Larhammar, D., Stevens, R.C., Huster, D., Meiler, J., Zhao, Q., Beck-Sickinger, A.G., Buschauer, A., Wu, B.
(2018) Nature 556: 520-524
- PubMed: 29670288
- DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0046-x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors belong to the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily and have important roles in food intake, anxiety and cancer biology 1,2 . The NPY-Y receptor system has emerged as one of the most complex networks with ...
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors belong to the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily and have important roles in food intake, anxiety and cancer biology 1,2 . The NPY-Y receptor system has emerged as one of the most complex networks with three peptide ligands (NPY, peptide YY and pancreatic polypeptide) binding to four receptors in most mammals, namely the Y 1 , Y 2 , Y 4 and Y 5 receptors, with different affinity and selectivity 3 . NPY is the most powerful stimulant of food intake and this effect is primarily mediated by the Y 1 receptor (Y 1 R) 4 . A number of peptides and small-molecule compounds have been characterized as Y 1 R antagonists and have shown clinical potential in the treatment of obesity 4 , tumour 1 and bone loss 5 . However, their clinical usage has been hampered by low potency and selectivity, poor brain penetration ability or lack of oral bioavailability 6 . Here we report crystal structures of the human Y 1 R bound to the two selective antagonists UR-MK299 and BMS-193885 at 2.7 and 3.0 Å resolution, respectively. The structures combined with mutagenesis studies reveal the binding modes of Y 1 R to several structurally diverse antagonists and the determinants of ligand selectivity. The Y 1 R structure and molecular docking of the endogenous agonist NPY, together with nuclear magnetic resonance, photo-crosslinking and functional studies, provide insights into the binding behaviour of the agonist and for the first time, to our knowledge, determine the interaction of its N terminus with the receptor. These insights into Y 1 R can enable structure-based drug discovery that targets NPY receptors.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.