5EGE

Structure of ENPP6, a choline-specific glycerophosphodiester-phosphodiesterase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.169 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and biological function of ENPP6, a choline-specific glycerophosphodiester-phosphodiesterase

Morita, J.Kano, K.Kato, K.Takita, H.Sakagami, H.Yamamoto, Y.Mihara, E.Ueda, H.Sato, T.Tokuyama, H.Arai, H.Asou, H.Takagi, J.Ishitani, R.Nishimasu, H.Nureki, O.Aoki, J.

(2016) Sci Rep 6: 20995-20995

  • DOI: 10.1038/srep20995
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5EGE, 5EGH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Choline is an essential nutrient for all living cells and is produced extracellularly by sequential degradation of phosphatidylcholine (PC). However, little is known about how choline is produced extracellularly. Here, we report that ENPP6, a choline-specific phosphodiesterase, hydrolyzes glycerophosphocholine (GPC), a degradation product of PC, as a physiological substrate and participates in choline metabolism ...

    Choline is an essential nutrient for all living cells and is produced extracellularly by sequential degradation of phosphatidylcholine (PC). However, little is known about how choline is produced extracellularly. Here, we report that ENPP6, a choline-specific phosphodiesterase, hydrolyzes glycerophosphocholine (GPC), a degradation product of PC, as a physiological substrate and participates in choline metabolism. ENPP6 is highly expressed in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and developing oligodendrocytes, which actively incorporate choline and synthesize PC. ENPP6-deficient mice exhibited fatty liver and hypomyelination, well known choline-deficient phenotypes. The choline moiety of GPC was incorporated into PC in an ENPP6-dependent manner both in vivo and in vitro. The crystal structure of ENPP6 in complex with phosphocholine revealed that the choline moiety of the phosphocholine is recognized by a choline-binding pocket formed by conserved aromatic and acidic residues. The present study provides the molecular basis for ENPP6-mediated choline metabolism at atomic, cellular and tissue levels.


    Organizational Affiliation

    AMED (Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development)-CREST (Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology), 1-7-1, Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-0004, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 6A, B, C, D429Mus musculusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: Enpp6
EC: 3.1.4 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.4.38 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q8BGN3 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q8BGN3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8BGN3
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE, G, I, K3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G28454KX
GlyCosmos:  G28454KX
GlyGen:  G28454KX
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseF, H, J, L2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
DA [auth D], M [auth A], N [auth A], S [auth B], T [auth B], X [auth C], Y [auth C]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth C], EA [auth D], FA [auth D], O [auth A], P [auth A], U [auth B], V [auth B], Z [auth C]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
BA [auth C], CA [auth C], GA [auth D], Q [auth A], R [auth A], W [auth B]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.169 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 64.29α = 90.04
b = 78.24β = 89.98
c = 103.64γ = 114.61
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
Cootmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-03-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-02-19
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary