5EDM

Crystal structure of prothrombin deletion mutant residues 154-167 ( Form I )


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

How the Linker Connecting the Two Kringles Influences Activation and Conformational Plasticity of Prothrombin.

Pozzi, N.Chen, Z.Di Cera, E.

(2016) J.Biol.Chem. 291: 6071-6082

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.700401
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 6BJR, 6C2W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A flexible linker (Lnk2) composed of 26 amino acids connects kringle-1 to kringle-2 in the coagulation factor prothrombin. Recent studies point to Lnk2 as a key determinant of the structure and function of this zymogen. Using a combination of mutagen ...

    A flexible linker (Lnk2) composed of 26 amino acids connects kringle-1 to kringle-2 in the coagulation factor prothrombin. Recent studies point to Lnk2 as a key determinant of the structure and function of this zymogen. Using a combination of mutagenesis, structural biology, and single molecule spectroscopy, we show how Lnk2 influences activation and conformational plasticity of prothrombin. Scrambling the sequence of Lnk2 is inconsequential on activation, and so is extension by as many as 22 residues. On the other hand, below a critical length of 15 residues, the rate of prothrombin activation increases (10-fold) in the absence of cofactor Va and decreases (3-fold) in the presence of cofactor. Furthermore, activation by prothrombinase takes place without preference along the prethrombin-2 (cleavage at Arg(271) first) or meizothrombin (cleavage at Arg(320) first) pathways. Notably, these transitions in the rate and pathway of activation require the presence of phospholipids, pointing to an important physiological role for Lnk2 when prothrombin is anchored to the membrane. Two new crystal structures of prothrombin lacking 22 (ProTΔ146-167) or 14 (ProTΔ154-167) residues of Lnk2 document striking conformational rearrangements of domains located across this linker. FRET measurements of freely diffusing single molecules prove that these structural transitions are genuine properties of the zymogen in solution. These findings support a molecular model of prothrombin activation where Lnk2 presents the sites of cleavage at Arg(271) and Arg(320) to factor Xa in different orientations by pivoting the C-terminal kringle-2/protease domain pair on the N-terminal Gla domain/kringle-1 pair anchored to the membrane.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63104.,From the Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63104 enrico@slu.edu.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prothrombin
A
568Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CGU
Query on CGU
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H9 N O6GLU
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 109.884α = 90.00
b = 168.690β = 90.00
c = 144.315γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteUnited StatesHL049413, HL073813 and HL112303 (EDC)

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-01-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-01-27
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-03-30
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-08-09
    Type: Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2017-09-06
    Type: Author supporting evidence