Structural basis for binding and transfer of heme in bacterial heme-acquisition systemsNaoe, Y., Nakamura, N., Rahman, M.M., Tosha, T., Nagatoishi, S., Tsumoto, K., Shiro, Y., Sugimoto, H.
(2017) Proteins 85: 2217-2230
- PubMed: 28913898
- DOI: 10.1002/prot.25386
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Periplasmic heme-binding proteins (PBPs) in Gram-negative bacteria are components of the heme acquisition system. These proteins shuttle heme across the periplasmic space from outer membrane receptors to ATP-binding cassette (ABC) heme importers loca ...
Periplasmic heme-binding proteins (PBPs) in Gram-negative bacteria are components of the heme acquisition system. These proteins shuttle heme across the periplasmic space from outer membrane receptors to ATP-binding cassette (ABC) heme importers located in the inner-membrane. In the present study, we characterized the structures of PBPs found in the pathogen Burkholderia cenocepacia (BhuT) and in the thermophile Roseiflexus sp. RS-1 (RhuT) in the heme-free and heme-bound forms. The conserved motif, in which a well-conserved Tyr interacts with the nearby Arg coordinates on heme iron, was observed in both PBPs. The heme was recognized by its surroundings in a variety of manners including hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds, which was confirmed by isothermal titration calorimetry. Furthermore, this study of 3 forms of BhuT allowed the first structural comparison and showed that the heme-binding cleft of BhuT adopts an "open" state in the heme-free and 2-heme-bound forms, and a "closed" state in the one-heme-bound form with unique conformational changes. Such a conformational change might adjust the interaction of the heme(s) with the residues in PBP and facilitate the transfer of the heme into the translocation channel of the importer.
Biometal Science Laboratory, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.