5XJY

Cryo-EM structure of human ABCA1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.10 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the Human Lipid Exporter ABCA1.

Qian, H.Zhao, X.Cao, P.Lei, J.Yan, N.Gong, X.

(2017) Cell 169: 1228-1239.e10

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.05.020
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5XJY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • ABCA1, an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) subfamily A exporter, mediates the cellular efflux of phospholipids and cholesterol to the extracellular acceptor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) for generation of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Mutations of human ABCA1 are associated with Tangier disease and familial HDL deficiency ...

    ABCA1, an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) subfamily A exporter, mediates the cellular efflux of phospholipids and cholesterol to the extracellular acceptor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) for generation of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Mutations of human ABCA1 are associated with Tangier disease and familial HDL deficiency. Here, we report the cryo-EM structure of human ABCA1 with nominal resolutions of 4.1 Å for the overall structure and 3.9 Å for the massive extracellular domain. The nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) display a nucleotide-free state, while the two transmembrane domains (TMDs) contact each other through a narrow interface in the intracellular leaflet of the membrane. In addition to TMDs and NBDs, two extracellular domains of ABCA1 enclose an elongated hydrophobic tunnel. Structural mapping of dozens of disease-related mutations allows potential interpretation of their diverse pathogenic mechanisms. Structural-based analysis suggests a plausible "lateral access" mechanism for ABCA1-mediated lipid export that may be distinct from the conventional alternating-access paradigm.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: gongx@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 1A2305Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ABCA1ABC1CERP
EC: 7.6.2.1
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) Transporters
Protein: 
ABCA1 lipid exporter
Find proteins for O95477 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O95477 
Go to UniProtKB:  O95477
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  O95477
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB5 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], E [auth A], F [auth A], G [auth A], H [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.10 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
the Ministry of Science and Technology of ChinaChina2015CB910101, 2016YFA0500402, 2014ZX09507003-006 and 2016YFA0501100
the National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaChina31621092, 31630017, and 31611130036

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-06-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-07-05
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-10-09
    Changes: Data collection, Other
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary