5XFQ

Ternary complex of PHF1, a DNA duplex and a histone peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Polycomb-like proteins link the PRC2 complex to CpG islands

Li, H.Liefke, R.Jiang, J.Kurland, J.V.Tian, W.Deng, P.Zhang, W.He, Q.Patel, D.J.Bulyk, M.L.Shi, Y.Wang, Z.

(2017) Nature 549: 287-291

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature23881
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5XFN, 5XFO, 5XFP, 5XFQ, 5XFR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) mainly mediates transcriptional repression and has essential roles in various biological processes including the maintenance of cell identity and proper differentiation. Polycomb-like (PCL) proteins, such as PHF1, MTF2 and PHF19, are PRC2-associated factors that form sub-complexes with PRC2 core components, and have been proposed to modulate the enzymatic activity of PRC2 or the recruitment of PRC2 to specific genomic loci ...

    The Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) mainly mediates transcriptional repression and has essential roles in various biological processes including the maintenance of cell identity and proper differentiation. Polycomb-like (PCL) proteins, such as PHF1, MTF2 and PHF19, are PRC2-associated factors that form sub-complexes with PRC2 core components, and have been proposed to modulate the enzymatic activity of PRC2 or the recruitment of PRC2 to specific genomic loci. Mammalian PRC2-binding sites are enriched in CG content, which correlates with CpG islands that display a low level of DNA methylation. However, the mechanism of PRC2 recruitment to CpG islands is not fully understood. Here we solve the crystal structures of the N-terminal domains of PHF1 and MTF2 with bound CpG-containing DNAs in the presence of H3K36me3-containing histone peptides. We show that the extended homologous regions of both proteins fold into a winged-helix structure, which specifically binds to the unmethylated CpG motif but in a completely different manner from the canonical winged-helix DNA recognition motif. We also show that the PCL extended homologous domains are required for efficient recruitment of PRC2 to CpG island-containing promoters in mouse embryonic stem cells. Our research provides the first, to our knowledge, direct evidence to demonstrate that PCL proteins are crucial for PRC2 recruitment to CpG islands, and further clarifies the roles of these proteins in transcriptional regulation in vivo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Key Laboratory of Cell Proliferation and Regulation Biology of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekouwai Avenue, Beijing 100875, China.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PHD finger protein 1A, B336Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Phf1Plc1Tctex-3Tctex3
UniProt
Find proteins for Q9Z1B8 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q9Z1B8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Z1B8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9Z1B8
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peptide from Histone H3E, F13Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P68431 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
PHAROS:  P68431
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP68431
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(*GP*GP*GP*CP*GP*GP*CP*CP*GP*CP*CP*CP*T)-3')C, D 13synthetic construct
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
M3L
Query on M3L
E, F L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H21 N2 O2LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 141.243α = 90
b = 62.55β = 103.04
c = 97.338γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2017-04-11 
  • Released Date: 2017-09-13 
  • Deposition Author(s): Wang, Z., Li, H.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-09-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-27
    Changes: Database references