5X7X

The crystal structure of the nucleosome containing H3.3 at 2.18 angstrom resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.184 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure and Characterization of Novel Human Histone H3 Variants, H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8

Taguchi, H.Xie, Y.Horikoshi, N.Maehara, K.Harada, A.Nogami, J.Sato, K.Arimura, Y.Osakabe, A.Kujirai, T.Iwasaki, T.Semba, Y.Tachibana, T.Kimura, H.Ohkawa, Y.Kurumizaka, H.

(2017) Biochemistry 56: 2184-2196

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01098
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Non-allelic histone variants are considered as epigenetic factors that regulate genomic DNA functions in eukaryotic chromosomes. In this study, we identified three new human histone H3 variants (named H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8), which were previously anno ...

    Non-allelic histone variants are considered as epigenetic factors that regulate genomic DNA functions in eukaryotic chromosomes. In this study, we identified three new human histone H3 variants (named H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8), which were previously annotated as pseudogenes. H3.6 and H3.8 conserve the H3.3-specific amino acid residues, but H3.7 shares the specific amino acid residues with H3.1. We successfully reconstituted the nucleosome containing H3.6 in vitro and determined its crystal structure. In the H3.6 nucleosome, the H3.6-specific Val62 residue hydrophobically contacts the cognate H4 molecule, but its contact area is smaller than that of the corresponding H3.3 Ile62 residue. The thermal stability assay revealed that the H3.6 nucleosome is substantially unstable, as compared to the H3.3 nucleosome. Interestingly, mutational analysis demonstrated that the H3.6 Val62 residue is fully responsible for the H3.6 nucleosome instability, probably because of the weakened hydrophobic interaction with H4. We also reconstituted the nucleosome containing H3.8, but its thermal stability was quite low. In contrast, purified H3.7 failed to form nucleosomes in vitro. The identification and characterization of these novel human histone H3 variants provide important new insights into understanding the epigenetic regulation of the human genome.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Research Institute for Science and Engineering, and Institute for Medical-oriented Structural Biology, Waseda University , 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H3.3
A, E
139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: H3F3A, H3F3B (H3.3A, H3F3, H3.3B)
Find proteins for P84243 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: H3F3A H3F3B
Go to UniProtKB:  P84243
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H4
B, F
106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H4A, HIST1H4B, HIST1H4C, HIST1H4D, HIST1H4E, HIST1H4F, HIST1H4H, HIST1H4I, HIST1H4J, HIST1H4K, HIST1H4L, HIST2H4A, HIST2H4B, HIST4H4 (H4/A, H4FA, H4/I, H4FI, H4/G, H4FG, H4/B, H4FB, H4/J, H4FJ, H4/C, H4FC, H4/H, H4FH, H4/M, H4FM, H4/E, H4FE, H4/D, H4FD, H4/K, H4FK, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, H4/O, H4FO)
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P62805
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2A type 1-B/E
C, G
133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2AB, HIST1H2AE (H2AFM, H2AFA)
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2AB HIST1H2AE
Go to UniProtKB:  P04908
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2B type 1-J
D, H
129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJ (H2BFR)
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2BJ
Go to UniProtKB:  P06899
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (146-MER)I,J146Homo sapiens
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
E, I, J
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E, G
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.184 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 98.887α = 90.00
b = 107.509β = 90.00
c = 167.415γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKLdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
HKLdata reduction
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationCountryGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25116002
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25250023
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED)Japan--
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapan16J09361

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-05-24
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-11
    Type: Derived calculations
  • Version 2.0: 2017-10-18
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Polymer sequence