5GXQ

The crystal structure of the nucleosome containing H3.6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure and Characterization of Novel Human Histone H3 Variants, H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8

Taguchi, H.Xie, Y.Horikoshi, N.Maehara, K.Harada, A.Nogami, J.Sato, K.Arimura, Y.Osakabe, A.Kujirai, T.Iwasaki, T.Semba, Y.Tachibana, T.Kimura, H.Ohkawa, Y.Kurumizaka, H.

(2017) Biochemistry 56: 2184-2196

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01098
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5X7X, 5GXQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Non-allelic histone variants are considered as epigenetic factors that regulate genomic DNA functions in eukaryotic chromosomes. In this study, we identified three new human histone H3 variants (named H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8), which were previously anno ...

    Non-allelic histone variants are considered as epigenetic factors that regulate genomic DNA functions in eukaryotic chromosomes. In this study, we identified three new human histone H3 variants (named H3.6, H3.7, and H3.8), which were previously annotated as pseudogenes. H3.6 and H3.8 conserve the H3.3-specific amino acid residues, but H3.7 shares the specific amino acid residues with H3.1. We successfully reconstituted the nucleosome containing H3.6 in vitro and determined its crystal structure. In the H3.6 nucleosome, the H3.6-specific Val62 residue hydrophobically contacts the cognate H4 molecule, but its contact area is smaller than that of the corresponding H3.3 Ile62 residue. The thermal stability assay revealed that the H3.6 nucleosome is substantially unstable, as compared to the H3.3 nucleosome. Interestingly, mutational analysis demonstrated that the H3.6 Val62 residue is fully responsible for the H3.6 nucleosome instability, probably because of the weakened hydrophobic interaction with H4. We also reconstituted the nucleosome containing H3.8, but its thermal stability was quite low. In contrast, purified H3.7 failed to form nucleosomes in vitro. The identification and characterization of these novel human histone H3 variants provide important new insights into understanding the epigenetic regulation of the human genome.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Research Institute for Science and Engineering, and Institute for Medical-oriented Structural Biology, Waseda University , 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.6AE139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: H3F3AP6
Find proteins for A0A1X8XL64 (Homo sapiens)
Explore A0A1X8XL64 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A1X8XL64
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4BF106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P62805
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P62805
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2A type 1-B/ECG133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2ABH2AC4H2AFMH2AC8H2AFAHIST1H2AE
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04908 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04908
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PHAROS  P04908
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B type 1-JDH129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJH2BC11H2BFR
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06899 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06899
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P06899
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (146-MER)I, J146Homo sapiens
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 106.026α = 90
b = 109.764β = 90
c = 181.4γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25116002
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25250023
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED)Japan--
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapan16J09361

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-05-10
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Author supporting evidence