Structure-Based Design and Synthesis of Potent and Selective Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 Inhibitors.Choi, J.Y., Fuerst, R., Knapinska, A.M., Taylor, A.B., Smith, L., Cao, X., Hart, P.J., Fields, G.B., Roush, W.R.
(2017) J. Med. Chem. 60: 5816-5825
- PubMed: 28653849
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00514
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
We describe the use of comparative structural analysis and structure-guided molecular design to develop potent and selective inhibitors (10d and (S)-17b) of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13). We applied a three-step process, starting with a compar ...
We describe the use of comparative structural analysis and structure-guided molecular design to develop potent and selective inhibitors (10d and (S)-17b) of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13). We applied a three-step process, starting with a comparative analysis of the X-ray crystallographic structure of compound 5 in complex with MMP-13 with published structures of known MMP-13·inhibitor complexes followed by molecular design and synthesis of potent but nonselective zinc-chelating MMP inhibitors (e.g., 10a and 10b). After demonstrating that the pharmacophores of the chelating inhibitors (S)-10a, (R)-10a, and 10b were binding within the MMP-13 active site, the Zn 2+ chelating unit was replaced with nonchelating polar residues that bridged over the Zn 2+ binding site and reached into a solvent accessible area. After two rounds of structural optimization, these design approaches led to small molecule MMP-13 inhibitors 10d and (S)-17b, which bind within the substrate-binding site of MMP-13 and surround the catalytically active Zn 2+ ion without chelating to the metal. These compounds exhibit at least 500-fold selectivity versus other MMPs.
Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology and the X-ray Crystallography Core Laboratory, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio , San Antonio, Texas 78229, United States.,Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University , Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.,Department of Chemistry, Scripps Florida , 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.