Glycan Activation of a Sheddase: Electrostatic Recognition between Heparin and proMMP-7.Fulcher, Y.G., Prior, S.H., Masuko, S., Li, L., Pu, D., Zhang, F., Linhardt, R.J., Van Doren, S.R.
(2017) Structure 25: 1100-1110.e5
- PubMed: 28648610
- DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2017.05.019
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Charge-Triggered Membrane Insertion of Matrix Metalloproteinase-7, Supporter of Innate Immunity and Tumors.
Prior, S.H., Fulcher, Y.G., Koppisetti, R.K., Jurkevich, A., Van Doren, S.R.
(2015) Structure 23: 2099
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans activate the matrix metalloproteinase-7 zymogen (proMMP-7) and recruit it in order to shed proteins from cell surfaces. This occurs in uterine and mammary epithelia, bacterial killing, lung healing, and tumor cell signaling. ...
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans activate the matrix metalloproteinase-7 zymogen (proMMP-7) and recruit it in order to shed proteins from cell surfaces. This occurs in uterine and mammary epithelia, bacterial killing, lung healing, and tumor cell signaling. Basic tracks on proMMP-7 recognize polyanionic heparin, according to nuclear magnetic resonance and mutations disruptive of maturation. Contacts and proximity measurements guided docking of a heparin octasaccharide to proMMP-7. The reducing end fits into a basic pocket in the pro-domain while the chain continues toward the catalytic domain. Another oligosaccharide traverses a basic swath remote on the catalytic domain and inserts its reducing end into a slot formed with the basic C terminus. This latter association appears to support allosteric acceleration of proteolysis. The modes of binding account for extended, heterogeneous assemblies of proMMP-7 with heparinoids during maturation and for bridging to pro-α-defensins and proteoglycans. These associations support proteolytic release of activities at epithelial cell surfaces.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, 117 Schweitzer Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.