5T6M

Structure of the tryptophan synthase b-subunit from Pyroccus furiosus with b-methyltryptophan non-covalently bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Tryptophan Synthase Uses an Atypical Mechanism To Achieve Substrate Specificity.

Buller, A.R.van Roye, P.Murciano-Calles, J.Arnold, F.H.

(2016) Biochemistry 55: 7043-7046

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01127

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tryptophan synthase (TrpS) catalyzes the final steps in the biosynthesis of l-tryptophan from l-serine (Ser) and indole-3-glycerol phosphate (IGP). We report that native TrpS can also catalyze a productive reaction with l-threonine (Thr), leading to ...

    Tryptophan synthase (TrpS) catalyzes the final steps in the biosynthesis of l-tryptophan from l-serine (Ser) and indole-3-glycerol phosphate (IGP). We report that native TrpS can also catalyze a productive reaction with l-threonine (Thr), leading to (2S,3S)-β-methyltryptophan. Surprisingly, β-substitution occurs in vitro with a 3.4-fold higher catalytic efficiency for Ser over Thr using saturating indole, despite a >82000-fold preference for Ser in direct competition using IGP. Structural data identify a novel product binding site, and kinetic experiments clarify the atypical mechanism of specificity: Thr binds efficiently but decreases the affinity for indole and disrupts the allosteric signaling that regulates the catalytic cycle.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 210-41, California Institute of Technology , 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tryptophan synthase beta chain 1
A, B, C, D
396Pyrococcus furiosus (strain ATCC 43587 / DSM 3638 / JCM 8422 / Vc1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: trpB1
EC: 4.2.1.20
Find proteins for Q8U093 (Pyrococcus furiosus (strain ATCC 43587 / DSM 3638 / JCM 8422 / Vc1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8U093
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
A, D
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
78U
Query on 78U

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Download CCD File 
B, C, D
(betaS)-beta-methyl-L-tryptophan
C12 H14 N2 O2
CZSQAYAIWDEOSA-CPCISQLKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
LLP
Query on LLP
A, B, C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H22 N3 O7 PLYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.819α = 90.00
b = 107.705β = 90.00
c = 160.061γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
Aimlessdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesF32GM110851

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-12-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-01-11
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-27
    Type: Author supporting evidence