5T6M

Structure of the tryptophan synthase b-subunit from Pyroccus furiosus with b-methyltryptophan non-covalently bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Tryptophan Synthase Uses an Atypical Mechanism To Achieve Substrate Specificity.

Buller, A.R.van Roye, P.Murciano-Calles, J.Arnold, F.H.

(2016) Biochemistry 55: 7043-7046

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01127
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5T6M

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tryptophan synthase (TrpS) catalyzes the final steps in the biosynthesis of l-tryptophan from l-serine (Ser) and indole-3-glycerol phosphate (IGP). We report that native TrpS can also catalyze a productive reaction with l-threonine (Thr), leading to (2S,3S)-β-methyltryptophan ...

    Tryptophan synthase (TrpS) catalyzes the final steps in the biosynthesis of l-tryptophan from l-serine (Ser) and indole-3-glycerol phosphate (IGP). We report that native TrpS can also catalyze a productive reaction with l-threonine (Thr), leading to (2S,3S)-β-methyltryptophan. Surprisingly, β-substitution occurs in vitro with a 3.4-fold higher catalytic efficiency for Ser over Thr using saturating indole, despite a >82000-fold preference for Ser in direct competition using IGP. Structural data identify a novel product binding site, and kinetic experiments clarify the atypical mechanism of specificity: Thr binds efficiently but decreases the affinity for indole and disrupts the allosteric signaling that regulates the catalytic cycle.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 210-41, California Institute of Technology , 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tryptophan synthase beta chain 1A, B, C, D396Pyrococcus furiosusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: trpB1PF1706
EC: 4.2.1.20
UniProt
Find proteins for Q8U093 (Pyrococcus furiosus (strain ATCC 43587 / DSM 3638 / JCM 8422 / Vc1))
Explore Q8U093 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8U093
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
LLP
Query on LLP
A, B, C, DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H22 N3 O7 PLYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 82.819α = 90
b = 107.705β = 90
c = 160.061γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesF32GM110851

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-12-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-01-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-27
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence