5OXA

Structure of the S205A mutant of the Cyan Fluorescent Protein Cerulean at pH 7.0


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.139 
  • R-Value Work: 0.116 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Chromophore Isomer Stabilization Is Critical to the Efficient Fluorescence of Cyan Fluorescent Proteins.

Gotthard, G.von Stetten, D.Clavel, D.Noirclerc-Savoye, M.Royant, A.

(2017) Biochemistry 56: 6418-6422

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b01088
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • ECFP, the first usable cyan fluorescent protein (CFP), was obtained by adapting the tyrosine-based chromophore environment in green fluorescent protein to that of a tryptophan-based one. This first-generation CFP was superseded by the popular Cerulea ...

    ECFP, the first usable cyan fluorescent protein (CFP), was obtained by adapting the tyrosine-based chromophore environment in green fluorescent protein to that of a tryptophan-based one. This first-generation CFP was superseded by the popular Cerulean, CyPet, and SCFP3A that were engineered by rational and random mutagenesis, yet the latter CFPs still exhibit suboptimal properties of pH sensitivity and reversible photobleaching behavior. These flaws were serendipitously corrected in the third-generation CFP mTurquoise and its successors without an obvious rationale. We show here that the evolution process had unexpectedly remodeled the chromophore environment in second-generation CFPs so they would accommodate a different isomer, whose formation is favored by acidic pH or light irradiation and which emits fluorescence much less efficiently. Our results illustrate how fluorescent protein engineering based solely on fluorescence efficiency optimization may affect other photophysical or physicochemical parameters and provide novel insights into the rational evolution of fluorescent proteins with a tryptophan-based chromophore.


    Organizational Affiliation

    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility , F-38043 Grenoble, France.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Green fluorescent protein
A
239Aequorea victoriaMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: GFP
Find proteins for P42212 (Aequorea victoria)
Go to UniProtKB:  P42212
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
B2H
Query on B2H
A
L-peptide linkingC17 H20 N4 O4THR, TRP, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.139 
  • R-Value Work: 0.116 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.960α = 90.00
b = 63.320β = 90.00
c = 69.330γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-11-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-12-06
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-12-20
    Type: Database references