5M5L

Pseudo-atomic model of microtubule-bound S. pombe kinesin-5 motor domain in the AMPPNP state (based on cryo-electron microscopy experiment): the N-terminus adopts multiple conformations


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 9.3 Å
  • Aggregation State: HELICAL ARRAY 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Schizosaccharomyces pombe kinesin-5 switches direction using a steric blocking mechanism.

Britto, M.Goulet, A.Rizvi, S.von Loeffelholz, O.Moores, C.A.Cross, R.A.

(2016) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113: E7483-E7489

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1611581113
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  5M5I, 5M5M, 5M5N, 5M5O

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cut7, the sole kinesin-5 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, is essential for mitosis. Like other yeast kinesin-5 motors, Cut7 can reverse its stepping direction, by mechanisms that are currently unclear. Here we show that for full-length Cut7, the key det ...

    Cut7, the sole kinesin-5 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, is essential for mitosis. Like other yeast kinesin-5 motors, Cut7 can reverse its stepping direction, by mechanisms that are currently unclear. Here we show that for full-length Cut7, the key determinant of stepping direction is the degree of motor crowding on the microtubule lattice, with greater crowding converting the motor from minus end-directed to plus end-directed stepping. To explain how high Cut7 occupancy causes this reversal, we postulate a simple proximity sensing mechanism that operates via steric blocking. We propose that the minus end-directed stepping action of Cut7 is selectively inhibited by collisions with neighbors under crowded conditions, whereas its plus end-directed action, being less space-hungry, is not. In support of this idea, we show that the direction of Cut7-driven microtubule sliding can be reversed by crowding it with non-Cut7 proteins. Thus, crowding by either dynein microtubule binding domain or Klp2, a kinesin-14, converts Cut7 from net minus end-directed to net plus end-directed stepping. Biochemical assays confirm that the Cut7 N terminus increases Cut7 occupancy by binding directly to microtubules. Direct observation by cryoEM reveals that this occupancy-enhancing N-terminal domain is partially ordered. Overall, our data point to a steric blocking mechanism for directional reversal through which collisions of Cut7 motor domains with their neighbors inhibit their minus end-directed stepping action, but not their plus end-directed stepping action. Our model can potentially reconcile a number of previous, apparently conflicting, observations and proposals for the reversal mechanism of yeast kinesins-5.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Centre for Mechanochemical Cell Biology, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin alpha-1D chain
A
452Bos taurusGene Names: TUBA1D
Find proteins for Q2HJ86 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2HJ86
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin beta-2B chain
B
445Bos taurusGene Names: TUBB2B
Find proteins for Q6B856 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: TUBB2B
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6B856
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Kinesin-like protein cut7
C
369Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843)Gene Names: cut7
Find proteins for P24339 (Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843))
Go to UniProtKB:  P24339
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GDP
Query on GDP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GTP
Query on GTP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
XKMLYUALXHKNFT-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ANP
Query on ANP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, C
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TA1
Query on TA1

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Download CCD File 
B
TAXOL
C47 H51 N O14
RCINICONZNJXQF-MZXODVADSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 9.3 Å
  • Aggregation State: HELICAL ARRAY 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-11-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-12-14
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-02
    Type: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Refinement description