5I61

Crystal structure of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of a human picorbirnavirus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.172 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Initiation of RNA Polymerization and Polymerase Encapsidation by a Small dsRNA Virus.

Collier, A.M.Lyytinen, O.L.Guo, Y.R.Toh, Y.Poranen, M.M.Tao, Y.J.

(2016) PLoS Pathog 12: e1005523-e1005523

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005523
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5I61, 5I62

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • During the replication cycle of double-stranded (ds) RNA viruses, the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) replicates and transcribes the viral genome from within the viral capsid. How the RdRP molecules are packaged within the virion and how they function within the confines of an intact capsid are intriguing questions with answers that most likely vary across the different dsRNA virus families ...

    During the replication cycle of double-stranded (ds) RNA viruses, the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) replicates and transcribes the viral genome from within the viral capsid. How the RdRP molecules are packaged within the virion and how they function within the confines of an intact capsid are intriguing questions with answers that most likely vary across the different dsRNA virus families. In this study, we have determined a 2.4 Å resolution structure of an RdRP from the human picobirnavirus (hPBV). In addition to the conserved polymerase fold, the hPBV RdRP possesses a highly flexible 24 amino acid loop structure located near the C-terminus of the protein that is inserted into its active site. In vitro RNA polymerization assays and site-directed mutagenesis showed that: (1) the hPBV RdRP is fully active using both ssRNA and dsRNA templates; (2) the insertion loop likely functions as an assembly platform for the priming nucleotide to allow de novo initiation; (3) RNA transcription by the hPBV RdRP proceeds in a semi-conservative manner; and (4) the preference of virus-specific RNA during transcription is dictated by the lower melting temperature associated with the terminal sequences. Co-expression of the hPBV RdRP and the capsid protein (CP) indicated that, under the conditions used, the RdRP could not be incorporated into the recombinant capsids in the absence of the viral genome. Additionally, the hPBV RdRP exhibited higher affinity towards the conserved 5'-terminal sequence of the viral RNA, suggesting that the RdRP molecules may be encapsidated through their specific binding to the viral RNAs during assembly.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of BioSciences, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Potential RNA-dependent RNA polymeraseB [auth A], A [auth B]534Human picobirnavirus strain Hy005102Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Segment-2ORF3
EC: 2.7.7.48
UniProt
Find proteins for Q50LE4 (Human picobirnavirus (strain Human/Thailand/Hy005102/-))
Explore Q50LE4 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q50LE4
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A [auth B], B [auth A]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.172 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 60.756α = 90
b = 78.763β = 91.44
c = 101.449γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAIO67638

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-05-04
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-11
    Changes: Author supporting evidence