5HUW

Structure of HSV-1 Large Terminase NLS bound to importin alpha


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Divergent Evolution of Nuclear Localization Signal Sequences in Herpesvirus Terminase Subunits.

Sankhala, R.S.Lokareddy, R.K.Cingolani, G.

(2016) J Biol Chem 291: 11420-11433

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.724393
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5HUW, 5HUY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The tripartite terminase complex of herpesviruses assembles in the cytoplasm of infected cells and exploits the host nuclear import machinery to gain access to the nucleus, where capsid assembly and genome-packaging occur. Here we analyzed the struct ...

    The tripartite terminase complex of herpesviruses assembles in the cytoplasm of infected cells and exploits the host nuclear import machinery to gain access to the nucleus, where capsid assembly and genome-packaging occur. Here we analyzed the structure and conservation of nuclear localization signal (NLS) sequences previously identified in herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) large terminase and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) small terminase. We found a monopartite NLS at the N terminus of large terminase, flanking the ATPase domain, that is conserved only in α-herpesviruses. In contrast, small terminase exposes a classical NLS at the far C terminus of its helical structure that is conserved only in two genera of the β-subfamily and absent in α- and γ-herpesviruses. In addition, we predicted a classical NLS in the third terminase subunit that is partially conserved among herpesviruses. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that both location and potency of NLSs in terminase subunits evolved more rapidly than the rest of the amino acid sequence despite the selective pressure to keep terminase gene products active and localized in the nucleus. We propose that swapping NLSs among terminase subunits is a regulatory mechanism that allows different herpesviruses to regulate the kinetics of terminase nuclear import, reflecting a mechanism of virus:host adaptation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 and Institute of Biomembranes and Bioenergetics, National Research Council, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy gino.cingolani@jefferson.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Importin subunit alpha-1C528Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Kpna2Rch1
Find proteins for P52293 (Mus musculus)
Explore P52293 
Go to UniProtKB:  P52293
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
IMPC  MGI:103561
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HSV1 large terminase NLSAB12Human alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.1
Find proteins for P04295 (Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17))
Explore P04295 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04295
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.26α = 90
b = 90.728β = 90
c = 97.659γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01 GM100888

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-03-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-04-13
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-06-08
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence