5FI1

Crystal Structure of the P-Rex1 DH/PH tandem in complex with Cdc42


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.203 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and Biochemical Characterization of the Catalytic Core of the Metastatic Factor P-Rex1 and Its Regulation by PtdIns(3,4,5)P3.

Cash, J.N.Davis, E.M.Tesmer, J.J.

(2016) Structure 24: 730-740

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2016.02.022
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3)-dependent Rac exchanger 1 (P-Rex1) is a Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor synergistically activated by PIP3 and Gβγ that plays an important role in the metastasis of breast, prostate, and skin canc ...

    Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3)-dependent Rac exchanger 1 (P-Rex1) is a Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor synergistically activated by PIP3 and Gβγ that plays an important role in the metastasis of breast, prostate, and skin cancer, making it an attractive therapeutic target. However, the molecular mechanisms behind P-Rex1 regulation are poorly understood. We determined structures of the P-Rex1 pleckstrin homology (PH) domain bound to the headgroup of PIP3 and resolved that PIP3 binding to the PH domain is required for P-Rex1 activity in cells but not for membrane localization, which points to an allosteric activation mechanism by PIP3. We also determined structures of the P-Rex1 tandem Dbl homology/PH domains in complexes with two of its substrate GTPases, Rac1 and Cdc42. Collectively, this study provides important molecular insights into P-Rex1 regulation and tools for targeting the PIP3-binding pocket of P-Rex1 with a new generation of cancer chemotherapeutic agents.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Rac exchanger 1 protein,Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Rac exchanger 1 protein
A
374Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PREX1 (KIAA1415)
Find proteins for Q8TCU6 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PREX1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8TCU6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cell division control protein 42 homolog
B
194Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CDC42
Find proteins for P60953 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CDC42
Go to UniProtKB:  P60953
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.203 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 67.310α = 90.00
b = 95.906β = 90.00
c = 277.131γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
Cootmodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteUnited StatesHL086865
National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteUnited StatesHL122416
American Cancer SocietyUnited StatesPF-14-224-01-DMC

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-04-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-04-27
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-05-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-20
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description