5BWR

X-RAY CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AT 2.20A RESOLUTION OF HUMAN MITOCHONDRIAL BRANCHED CHAIN AMINOTRANSFERASE (BCATM) COMPLEXED WITH A PYRAZOLOPYRIMIDINONE FRAGMENT AND AN INTERNAL ALDIMINE LINKED PLP.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Discovery of in Vivo Active Mitochondrial Branched-Chain Aminotransferase (BCATm) Inhibitors by Hybridizing Fragment and HTS Hits.

Bertrand, S.M.Ancellin, N.Beaufils, B.Bingham, R.P.Borthwick, J.A.Boullay, A.B.Boursier, E.Carter, P.S.Chung, C.W.Churcher, I.Dodic, N.Fouchet, M.H.Fournier, C.Francis, P.L.Gummer, L.A.Herry, K.Hobbs, A.Hobbs, C.I.Homes, P.Jamieson, C.Nicodeme, E.Pickett, S.D.Reid, I.H.Simpson, G.L.Sloan, L.A.Smith, S.E.Somers, D.O.Spitzfaden, C.Suckling, C.J.Valko, K.Washio, Y.Young, R.J.

(2015) J.Med.Chem. 58: 7140-7163

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00313
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The hybridization of hits, identified by complementary fragment and high throughput screens, enabled the discovery of the first series of potent inhibitors of mitochondrial branched-chain aminotransferase (BCATm) based on a 2-benzylamino-pyrazolo[1,5 ...

    The hybridization of hits, identified by complementary fragment and high throughput screens, enabled the discovery of the first series of potent inhibitors of mitochondrial branched-chain aminotransferase (BCATm) based on a 2-benzylamino-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidinone-3-carbonitrile template. Structure-guided growth enabled rapid optimization of potency with maintenance of ligand efficiency, while the focus on physicochemical properties delivered compounds with excellent pharmacokinetic exposure that enabled a proof of concept experiment in mice. Oral administration of 2-((4-chloro-2,6-difluorobenzyl)amino)-7-oxo-5-propyl-4,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonitrile 61 significantly raised the circulating levels of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine in this acute study.


    Organizational Affiliation

    GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Medicines Research Centre , Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, U.K.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, mitochondrial
A, B
369Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BCAT2 (BCATM, BCT2, ECA40)
EC: 2.6.1.42
Find proteins for O15382 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BCAT2
Go to UniProtKB:  O15382
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
4VT
Query on 4VT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
5-benzyl-7-oxo-4,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonitrile
C14 H10 N4 O
RAGSEECOXCGMEQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
4VTIC50: 25119 nM (100) BINDINGDB
4VTIC50: 25000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 69.165α = 90.00
b = 106.214β = 90.00
c = 107.454γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
Cootmodel building
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2015-06-08 
  • Released Date: 2015-07-01 
  • Deposition Author(s): Somers, D.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-07-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-10-07
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-06-12
    Type: Data collection, Structure summary