4XK0

Crystal structure of a tetramolecular RNA G-quadruplex in potassium


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.144 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Insights into the mechanism of a G-quadruplex-unwinding DEAH-box helicase.

Chen, M.C.Murat, P.Abecassis, K.Ferre-D'Amare, A.R.Balasubramanian, S.

(2015) Nucleic Acids Res. 43: 2223-2231

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv051

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The unwinding of nucleic acid secondary structures within cells is crucial to maintain genomic integrity and prevent abortive transcription and translation initiation. DHX36, also known as RHAU or G4R1, is a DEAH-box ATP-dependent helicase highly spe ...

    The unwinding of nucleic acid secondary structures within cells is crucial to maintain genomic integrity and prevent abortive transcription and translation initiation. DHX36, also known as RHAU or G4R1, is a DEAH-box ATP-dependent helicase highly specific for DNA and RNA G-quadruplexes (G4s). A fundamental mechanistic understanding of the interaction between helicases and their G4 substrates is important to elucidate G4 biology and pave the way toward G4-targeted therapies. Here we analyze how the thermodynamic stability of G4 substrates affects binding and unwinding by DHX36. We modulated the stability of the G4 substrates by varying the sequence and the number of G-tetrads and by using small, G4-stabilizing molecules. We found an inverse correlation between the thermodynamic stability of the G4 substrates and rates of unwinding by DHX36. In stark contrast, the ATPase activity of the helicase was largely independent of substrate stability pointing toward a decoupling mechanism akin to what has been observed for many double-stranded DEAD-box RNA helicases. Our study provides the first evidence that DHX36 uses a local, non-processive mechanism to unwind G4 substrates, reminiscent of that of eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) on double-stranded substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 50 South Drive, MSC-8012, Bethesda, MD 20892-8012, USA adrian.ferre@nih.gov.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre, Cambridge, UK sb10031@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 50 South Drive, MSC-8012, Bethesda, MD 20892-8012, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-(*UP*GP*GP*GP*GP*U)-3')A,C6synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BA
Query on BA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C
BARIUM ION
Ba
XDFCIPNJCBUZJN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.144 
  • Space Group: P 4 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 33.133α = 90.00
b = 33.133β = 90.00
c = 54.843γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data scaling
SHELXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-03-11
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-08-19
    Type: Refinement description