4XK0

Crystal structure of a tetramolecular RNA G-quadruplex in potassium


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.144 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Insights into the mechanism of a G-quadruplex-unwinding DEAH-box helicase.

Chen, M.C.Murat, P.Abecassis, K.Ferre-D'Amare, A.R.Balasubramanian, S.

(2015) Nucleic Acids Res 43: 2223-2231

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv051
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4XK0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The unwinding of nucleic acid secondary structures within cells is crucial to maintain genomic integrity and prevent abortive transcription and translation initiation. DHX36, also known as RHAU or G4R1, is a DEAH-box ATP-dependent helicase highly specific for DNA and RNA G-quadruplexes (G4s) ...

    The unwinding of nucleic acid secondary structures within cells is crucial to maintain genomic integrity and prevent abortive transcription and translation initiation. DHX36, also known as RHAU or G4R1, is a DEAH-box ATP-dependent helicase highly specific for DNA and RNA G-quadruplexes (G4s). A fundamental mechanistic understanding of the interaction between helicases and their G4 substrates is important to elucidate G4 biology and pave the way toward G4-targeted therapies. Here we analyze how the thermodynamic stability of G4 substrates affects binding and unwinding by DHX36. We modulated the stability of the G4 substrates by varying the sequence and the number of G-tetrads and by using small, G4-stabilizing molecules. We found an inverse correlation between the thermodynamic stability of the G4 substrates and rates of unwinding by DHX36. In stark contrast, the ATPase activity of the helicase was largely independent of substrate stability pointing toward a decoupling mechanism akin to what has been observed for many double-stranded DEAD-box RNA helicases. Our study provides the first evidence that DHX36 uses a local, non-processive mechanism to unwind G4 substrates, reminiscent of that of eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) on double-stranded substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre, Cambridge, UK sb10031@cam.ac.uk.



Macromolecules

Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
RNA (5'-(*UP*GP*GP*GP*GP*U)-3')A,
B [auth C]
6synthetic construct
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.144 
  • Space Group: P 4 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 33.133α = 90
b = 33.133β = 90
c = 54.843γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-03-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-08-19
    Changes: Refinement description