4MND

Crystal structure of Archaeoglobus fulgidus IPCT-DIPPS bifunctional membrane protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.66 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.300 
  • R-Value Work: 0.243 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.246 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

X-ray structure of a CDP-alcohol phosphatidyltransferase membrane enzyme and insights into its catalytic mechanism.

Nogly, P.Gushchin, I.Remeeva, A.Esteves, A.M.Borges, N.Ma, P.Ishchenko, A.Grudinin, S.Round, E.Moraes, I.Borshchevskiy, V.Santos, H.Gordeliy, V.Archer, M.

(2014) Nat Commun 5: 4169-4169

  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5169
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4MND

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phospholipids have major roles in the structure and function of all cell membranes. Most integral membrane proteins from the large CDP-alcohol phosphatidyltransferase family are involved in phospholipid biosynthesis across the three domains of life. They share a conserved sequence pattern and catalyse the displacement of CMP from a CDP-alcohol by a second alcohol ...

    Phospholipids have major roles in the structure and function of all cell membranes. Most integral membrane proteins from the large CDP-alcohol phosphatidyltransferase family are involved in phospholipid biosynthesis across the three domains of life. They share a conserved sequence pattern and catalyse the displacement of CMP from a CDP-alcohol by a second alcohol. Here we report the crystal structure of a bifunctional enzyme comprising a cytoplasmic nucleotidyltransferase domain (IPCT) fused with a membrane CDP-alcohol phosphotransferase domain (DIPPS) at 2.65 Å resolution. The bifunctional protein dimerizes through the DIPPS domains, each comprising six transmembrane α-helices. The active site cavity is hydrophilic and widely open to the cytoplasm with a magnesium ion surrounded by four highly conserved aspartate residues from helices TM2 and TM3. We show that magnesium is essential for the enzymatic activity and is involved in catalysis. Substrates docking is validated by mutagenesis studies, and a structure-based catalytic mechanism is proposed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (ITQB-UNL), Av. República, EAN, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CTP L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase/CDP-L-myo-inositol myo-inositolphosphotransferaseA479Archaeoglobus fulgidusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AF_0263
EC: 2.7.7.74 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.8.34 (PDB Primary Data)
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
CDP-Alcohol Phosphotransferases
Protein: 
CDP-alcohol phosphotransferase domain (DIPPS) with fused nucleotidyltransferase domain
Find proteins for O29976 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Explore O29976 
Go to UniProtKB:  O29976
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.66 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.300 
  • R-Value Work: 0.243 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.246 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 41.369α = 90
b = 107.584β = 90
c = 123.953γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-02
    Type: Initial release