Snapshot of the equilibrium dynamics of a drug bound to HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.Kuroda, D.G., Bauman, J.D., Challa, J.R., Patel, D., Troxler, T., Das, K., Arnold, E., Hochstrasser, R.M.
(2013) Nat Chem 5: 174-181
- PubMed: 23422558
- DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1559
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- High-resolution structures of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase/TMC278 complexes: strategic flexibility explains potency against resistance mutations.
Das, K., Bauman, J.D., Clark, A.D., Frenkel, Y.V., Lewi, P.J., Shatkin, A.J., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
(2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 1466
- HIV-1 reverse transcriptase complex with DNA and nevirapine reveals non-nucleoside inhibition mechanism.
Das, K., Martinez, S.E., Bauman, J.D., Arnold, E.
(2012) Nat Struct Mol Biol 19: 253
- Crystal engineering of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase for structure-based drug design.
Bauman, J.D., Das, K., Ho, W.C., Baweja, M., Himmel, D.M., Clark, A.D., Oren, D.A., Boyer, P.L., Hughes, S.H., Shatkin, A.J., Arnold, E.
(2008) Nucleic Acids Res 36: 5083
- Crystal structures of clinically relevant Lys103Asn/Tyr181Cys double mutant HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in complexes with ATP and non-nucleoside inhibitor HBY 097.
Das, K., Sarafianos, S.G., Clark, A.D., Boyer, P.L., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
(2007) J Mol Biol 365: 77
- Roles of conformational and positional adaptability in structure-based design of TMC125-R165335 (etravirine) and related non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors that are highly potent and effective against wild-type and drug-resistant HIV-1 variants.
Das, K., Clark, A.D., Lewi, P.J., Heeres, J., De Jonge, M.R., Koymans, L.M., Vinkers, H.M., Daeyaert, F., Ludovici, D.W., Kukla, M.J., De Corte, B., Kavash, R.W., Ho, C.Y., Ye, H., Lichtenstein, M.A., Andries, K., Pauwels, R., De Bethune, M.P., Boyer, P.L., Clark, P., Hughes, S.H., Janssen, P.A., Arnold, E.
(2004) J Med Chem 47: 2550
The anti-AIDS drug rilpivirine undergoes conformational changes to bind HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT), which is an essential enzyme for the replication of HIV. These changes allow it to retain potency against mutations that otherwise would render ...
The anti-AIDS drug rilpivirine undergoes conformational changes to bind HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT), which is an essential enzyme for the replication of HIV. These changes allow it to retain potency against mutations that otherwise would render the enzyme resistant. Here we report that water molecules play an essential role in this binding process. Femtosecond experiments and theory expose the molecular level dynamics of rilpivirine bound to HIV-1 RT. Two nitrile substituents, one on each arm of the drug, are used as vibrational probes of the structural dynamics within the binding pocket. Two-dimensional vibrational echo spectroscopy reveals that one nitrile group is unexpectedly hydrogen-bonded to a mobile water molecule, not identified in previous X-ray structures. Ultrafast nitrile-water dynamics are confirmed by simulations. A higher (1.51 Å) resolution X-ray structure also reveals a water-drug interaction network. Maintenance of a crucial anchoring hydrogen bond may help retain the potency of rilpivirine against pocket mutations despite the structural variations they cause.
Ultrafast Optical Processes Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania 19067, USA.