4CX8

Monomeric pseudorabies virus protease pUL26N at 2.5 A resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.53 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Dimerization-Induced Allosteric Changes of the Oxyanion-Hole Loop Activate the Pseudorabies Virus Assemblin Pul26N, a Herpesvirus Serine Protease.

Zuhlsdorf, M.Werten, S.Klupp, B.G.Palm, G.J.Mettenleiter, T.C.Hinrichs, W.

(2015) PLoS Pathog 11: 5045

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005045
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CX8, 4V07, 4V08, 4V0T

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Herpesviruses encode a characteristic serine protease with a unique fold and an active site that comprises the unusual triad Ser-His-His. The protease is essential for viral replication and as such constitutes a promising drug target. In solution, a dynamic equilibrium exists between an inactive monomeric and an active dimeric form of the enzyme, which is believed to play a key regulatory role in the orchestration of proteolysis and capsid assembly ...

    Herpesviruses encode a characteristic serine protease with a unique fold and an active site that comprises the unusual triad Ser-His-His. The protease is essential for viral replication and as such constitutes a promising drug target. In solution, a dynamic equilibrium exists between an inactive monomeric and an active dimeric form of the enzyme, which is believed to play a key regulatory role in the orchestration of proteolysis and capsid assembly. Currently available crystal structures of herpesvirus proteases correspond either to the dimeric state or to complexes with peptide mimetics that alter the dimerization interface. In contrast, the structure of the native monomeric state has remained elusive. Here, we present the three-dimensional structures of native monomeric, active dimeric, and diisopropyl fluorophosphate-inhibited dimeric protease derived from pseudorabies virus, an alphaherpesvirus of swine. These structures, solved by X-ray crystallography to respective resolutions of 2.05, 2.10 and 2.03 Å, allow a direct comparison of the main conformational states of the protease. In the dimeric form, a functional oxyanion hole is formed by a loop of 10 amino-acid residues encompassing two consecutive arginine residues (Arg136 and Arg137); both are strictly conserved throughout the herpesviruses. In the monomeric form, the top of the loop is shifted by approximately 11 Å, resulting in a complete disruption of the oxyanion hole and loss of activity. The dimerization-induced allosteric changes described here form the physical basis for the concentration-dependent activation of the protease, which is essential for proper virus replication. Small-angle X-ray scattering experiments confirmed a concentration-dependent equilibrium of monomeric and dimeric protease in solution.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PSEUDORABIES VIRUS PROTEASEA, B244Suid alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.21.97
UniProt
Find proteins for Q83417 (Suid herpesvirus 1 (strain Kaplan))
Explore Q83417 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q83417
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ83417
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.53 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 40.437α = 90
b = 101.337β = 90
c = 130.078γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-05-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-07-15
    Changes: Database references, Other, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2015-07-22
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-08-12
    Changes: Database references