4ZOH

Crystal structure of glyceraldehyde oxidoreductase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Archaeal Mo-Containing Glyceraldehyde Oxidoreductase Isozymes Exhibit Diverse Substrate Specificities through Unique Subunit Assemblies.

Wakagi, T.Nishimasu, H.Miyake, M.Fushinobu, S.

(--) Plos One 11: e0147333-e0147333

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147333

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Archaea use glycolytic pathways distinct from those found in bacteria and eukaryotes, where unique enzymes catalyze each reaction step. In this study, we isolated three isozymes of glyceraldehyde oxidoreductase (GAOR1, GAOR2 and GAOR3) from the therm ...

    Archaea use glycolytic pathways distinct from those found in bacteria and eukaryotes, where unique enzymes catalyze each reaction step. In this study, we isolated three isozymes of glyceraldehyde oxidoreductase (GAOR1, GAOR2 and GAOR3) from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii. GAOR1-3 belong to the xanthine oxidoreductase superfamily, and are composed of a molybdo-pyranopterin subunit (L), a flavin subunit (M), and an iron-sulfur subunit (S), forming an LMS hetero-trimer unit. We found that GAOR1 is a tetramer of the STK17810/STK17830/STK17820 hetero-trimer, GAOR2 is a dimer of the STK23390/STK05620/STK05610 hetero-trimer, and GAOR3 is the STK24840/STK05620/STK05610 hetero-trimer. GAOR1-3 exhibited diverse substrate specificities for their electron donors and acceptors, due to their different L-subunits, and probably participate in the non-phosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff glycolytic pathway. We determined the crystal structure of GAOR2, as the first three-dimensional structure of an archaeal molybdenum-containing hydroxylase, to obtain structural insights into their substrate specificities and subunit assemblies. The gene arrangement and the crystal structure suggested that the M/S-complex serves as a structural scaffold for the binding of the L-subunit, to construct the three enzymes with different specificities. Collectively, our findings illustrate a novel principle of a prokaryotic multicomponent isozyme system.


    Related Citations: 
    • A novel bifunctional molybdo-enzyme catalyzing both decarboxylation of indolepyruvate and oxidation of indoleacetaldehyde from a thermoacidophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus sp. strain 7.
      Wakagi, T.,Fukuda, E.,Ogawa, Y.,Kino, H.,Matsuzawa, H.
      (2002) FEBS Lett. 510: 196


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,PRESTO, JST, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative oxidoreductase molybdopterin-binding subunit
A
706Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ST2339
Find proteins for Q96Y29 (Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96Y29
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative oxidoreductase FAD-binding subunit
B
278Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ST0562
Find proteins for Q974U9 (Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q974U9
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative oxidoreductase iron-sulfur subunit
C
168Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ST0561
Find proteins for Q974V0 (Sulfurisphaera tokodaii (strain DSM 16993 / JCM 10545 / NBRC 100140 / 7))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q974V0
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MCN
Query on MCN

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A
PTERIN CYTOSINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C19 H22 N8 O13 P2 S2
RBWYFPNWTRZKKZ-LOIMWUFNSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MO
Query on MO

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A
MOLYBDENUM ATOM
Mo
ZOKXTWBITQBERF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

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B
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FES
Query on FES

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C
FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER
Fe2 S2
NIXDOXVAJZFRNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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A, B, C
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACY
Query on ACY

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B
ACETIC ACID
C2 H4 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
1PE
Query on 1PE

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A
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
PEG400
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 143.431α = 90.00
b = 143.431β = 90.00
c = 235.509γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
MOLREPphasing
ARPmodel building
Cootmodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
JSPS KakenhiJapan24580136
JSPS KakenhiJapan18580088
JSPS KakenhiJapan12660067

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-02-03
    Type: Initial release