Complement Factor H and Simian Virus 40 bind the GM1 ganglioside in distinct conformations.Blaum, B.S., Frank, M., Walker, R.C., Neu, U., Stehle, T.
(2016) Glycobiology 26: 532-539
- PubMed: 26715202
- DOI: 10.1093/glycob/cwv170
- PubMed Abstract:
Mammalian cell surfaces are decorated with a variety of glycan chains that orchestrate development and defense and are exploited by pathogens for cellular attachment and entry. While glycosidic linkages are, in principle, flexible, the conformational ...
Mammalian cell surfaces are decorated with a variety of glycan chains that orchestrate development and defense and are exploited by pathogens for cellular attachment and entry. While glycosidic linkages are, in principle, flexible, the conformational space that a given glycan can sample is subject to spatial and electrostatic restrictions imposed by its overall chemical structure. Here, we show how the glycan moiety of the GM1 ganglioside, a branched, monosialylated pentasaccharide that serves as a ligand for various proteins, undergoes differential conformational selection in its interactions with different lectins. Using STD NMR and X-ray crystallography, we found that the innate immune regulator complement Factor H (FH) binds a previously not reported GM1 conformation that is not compatible with the GM1-binding sites of other structurally characterized GM1-binding lectins such as the Simian Virus 40 (SV40) capsid. Molecular dynamics simulations of the free glycan in explicit solvent on the 10 μs timescale reveal that the FH-bound conformation nevertheless corresponds to a minimum in the Gibbs free energy plot. In contrast to the GM1 conformation recognized by SV40, the FH-bound GM1 conformation is associated with poor NOE restraints, explaining how it escaped(1)H-(1)H NOE-restrained modeling in the past and highlighting the necessity for ensemble representations of glycan structures.
Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen 72076, Germany email@example.com.