4Y97

Crystal Structure of human Pol alpha B-subunit in complex with C-terminal domain of catalytic subunit


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure of the Human Pol alpha B Subunit in Complex with the C-terminal Domain of the Catalytic Subunit.

Suwa, Y.Gu, J.Baranovskiy, A.G.Babayeva, N.D.Pavlov, Y.I.Tahirov, T.H.

(2015) J Biol Chem 290: 14328-14337

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.649954
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4Y97

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In eukaryotic DNA replication, short RNA-DNA hybrid primers synthesized by primase-DNA polymerase α (Prim-Pol α) are needed to start DNA replication by the replicative DNA polymerases, Pol δ and Pol ϵ. The C terminus of the Pol α catalytic subunit (p180C) in complex with the B subunit (p70) regulates the RNA priming and DNA polymerizing activities of Prim-Pol α ...

    In eukaryotic DNA replication, short RNA-DNA hybrid primers synthesized by primase-DNA polymerase α (Prim-Pol α) are needed to start DNA replication by the replicative DNA polymerases, Pol δ and Pol ϵ. The C terminus of the Pol α catalytic subunit (p180C) in complex with the B subunit (p70) regulates the RNA priming and DNA polymerizing activities of Prim-Pol α. It tethers Pol α and primase, facilitating RNA primer handover from primase to Pol α. To understand these regulatory mechanisms and to reveal the details of human Pol α organization, we determined the crystal structure of p70 in complex with p180C. The structured portion of p70 includes a phosphodiesterase (PDE) domain and an oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide binding (OB) domain. The N-terminal domain and the linker connecting it to the PDE domain are disordered in the reported crystal structure. The p180C adopts an elongated asymmetric saddle shape, with a three-helix bundle in the middle and zinc-binding modules (Zn1 and Zn2) on each side. The extensive p180C-p70 interactions involve 20 hydrogen bonds and a number of hydrophobic interactions resulting in an extended buried surface of 4080 Å(2). Importantly, in the structure of the p180C-p70 complex with full-length p70, the residues from the N-terminal to the OB domain contribute to interactions with p180C. The comparative structural analysis revealed both the conserved features and the differences between the human and yeast Pol α complexes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases and ttahirov@unmc.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA polymerase alpha subunit BA, C, E, G598Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: POLA2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q14181 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q14181 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q14181
PHAROS:  Q14181
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA polymerase alpha catalytic subunitB, D, F, H180Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: POLA1POLA
EC: 2.7.7.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09884 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09884 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09884
PHAROS:  P09884
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 103.593α = 90
b = 137.135β = 100.97
c = 132.092γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM101167

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-04-22
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-06-17
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-13
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence