4W5R

The Crystal Structure of Human Argonaute2 Bound to a Guide and Target RNA Containing Seed Pairing from 2-8 (Long Target)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Gene regulation. Structural basis for microRNA targeting.

Schirle, N.T.Sheu-Gruttadauria, J.MacRae, I.J.

(2014) Science 346: 608-613

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1258040
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control expression of thousands of genes in plants and animals. miRNAs function by guiding Argonaute proteins to complementary sites in messenger RNAs (mRNAs) targeted for repression. We determined crystal structures of human Argon ...

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control expression of thousands of genes in plants and animals. miRNAs function by guiding Argonaute proteins to complementary sites in messenger RNAs (mRNAs) targeted for repression. We determined crystal structures of human Argonaute-2 (Ago2) bound to a defined guide RNA with and without target RNAs representing miRNA recognition sites. These structures suggest a stepwise mechanism, in which Ago2 primarily exposes guide nucleotides (nt) 2 to 5 for initial target pairing. Pairing to nt 2 to 5 promotes conformational changes that expose nt 2 to 8 and 13 to 16 for further target recognition. Interactions with the guide-target minor groove allow Ago2 to interrogate target RNAs in a sequence-independent manner, whereas an adenosine binding-pocket opposite guide nt 1 further facilitates target recognition. Spurious slicing of miRNA targets is avoided through an inhibitory coordination of one catalytic magnesium ion. These results explain the conserved nucleotide-pairing patterns in animal miRNA target sites first observed over two decades ago.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protein argonaute-2
A
859Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: AGO2 (EIF2C2)
EC: 3.1.26.n2
Find proteins for Q9UKV8 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AGO2
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UKV8
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(P*UP*UP*CP*AP*CP*AP*UP*UP*GP*UP*U)-3')B21synthetic construct
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(P*AP*AP*UP*GP*UP*GP*AP*AP*A)-3')D13synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IPH
Query on IPH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHENOL
C6 H6 O
ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IPA
Query on IPA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
2-PROPANOL
C3 H8 O
KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.378α = 90.00
b = 116.184β = 92.17
c = 69.678γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-11-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-22
    Type: Database references, Derived calculations, Other, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary