4U6S

CtBP1 in complex with substrate phenylpyruvate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure-Guided Design of a High Affinity Inhibitor to Human CtBP.

Hilbert, B.J.Morris, B.L.Ellis, K.C.Paulsen, J.L.Schiffer, C.A.Grossman, S.R.Royer, W.E.

(2015) Acs Chem.Biol. 10: 1118-1127

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb500820b
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Oncogenic transcriptional coregulators C-terminal Binding Protein (CtBP) 1 and 2 possess regulatory d-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (D2-HDH) domains that provide an attractive target for small molecule intervention. Findings that the Ct ...

    Oncogenic transcriptional coregulators C-terminal Binding Protein (CtBP) 1 and 2 possess regulatory d-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (D2-HDH) domains that provide an attractive target for small molecule intervention. Findings that the CtBP substrate 4-methylthio 2-oxobutyric acid (MTOB) can interfere with CtBP oncogenic activity in cell culture and in mice confirm that such inhibitors could have therapeutic benefit. Recent crystal structures of CtBP 1 and 2 revealed that MTOB binds in an active site containing a dominant tryptophan and a hydrophilic cavity, neither of which are present in other D2-HDH family members. Here, we demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting these active site features for the design of high affinity inhibitors. Crystal structures of two such compounds, phenylpyruvate (PPy) and 2-hydroxyimino-3-phenylpropanoic acid (HIPP), show binding with favorable ring stacking against the CtBP active site tryptophan and alternate modes of stabilizing the carboxylic acid moiety. Moreover, ITC experiments show that HIPP binds to CtBP with an affinity greater than 1000-fold over that of MTOB, and enzymatic assays confirm that HIPP substantially inhibits CtBP catalysis. These results, thus, provide an important step, and additional insights, for the development of highly selective antineoplastic CtBP inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    †Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
C-terminal-binding protein 1
A
347Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CTBP1 (CTBP)
EC: 1.1.1.-
Find proteins for Q13363 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CTBP1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13363
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMT
Query on FMT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

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Download CCD File 
A
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PPY
Query on PPY

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
3-PHENYLPYRUVIC ACID
C9 H8 O3
BTNMPGBKDVTSJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 64 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 84.121α = 90.00
b = 84.121β = 90.00
c = 158.753γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-04-29
    Type: Database references